World History

Estonia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Estonia:

Ancient Estonians lived on the shores of the Baltic Sea for thousands of years. They are one of the longest sedentary peoples on the European continent. They remained independent until her twelfth century, but were then conquered by various empires such as Denmark, Germany, Sweden, and Russia.

In modern times, Estonia was forced to join the Soviet Union in her 1940s. It gained its freedom and independence in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Estonia has been a member of the European Union since 2004.

Information about Estonia:

Capital Tallinn
Population 1,322,765 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Tallinn (capital), Tartu, Parnu, Kohtla-Järve, Viljandi, Maardu, Rakvere, Sillamäe
Borders Latvia in the south and Russia in the east, and maritime borders with Finland
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $38,100,812,959 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Estonian kroon (EEK)

Flag of Estonia:

Estonia Economy Key Industries:

Estonia Major Industries: engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications

Estonia Agricultural Products: potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish

Estonia Natural Resources: oil shale, peat, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud

Estonia Major Exports: machinery and equipment 33%, wood and paper 15%, textiles 14%, food products 8%, furniture 7%, metals, chemical products (2001)

Estonia Major Imports: machinery and equipment 33.5%, chemical products 11.6%, textiles 10.3%, foodstuffs 9.4%, transportation equipment 8.9% (2001)

The Geography of Estonia:

Total Size of Estonia: 45,228 km2 (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Estonia: Baltic Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Estonia: Suur Munamagi 318 m

Climate of Estonia: maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers

General Terrain of Estonia: marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south

World Region or Continent of Estonia:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 59 00 N, 26 00 E

The People of  Estonia & Culture

Estonia Government Type: parliamentary republic

Estonia Nationality: Estonian(s)

Estonia National Holiday: Independence Day, 24 February (1918); note – 24 February 1918 is the date Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia; 20 August 1991 is the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

Estonia Independence: 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

Estonia National Symbol: barn swallow, cornflower

Estonia National Anthem or Song: Mu isamaa, mu onn ja room (My Native Land, My Pride and Joy)

Estonia Languages Spoken: Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)

Estonia Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census)

Interesting Facts about Estonia:

The name of the country comes from the “Est”, the settlers of the area.

It is also the first country in the world to introduce a flat tax system.

In Estonia it is legally compulsory to wear safety reflectors even when walking, biking or when visibility is poor at night. Reflectors can be attached to handbags, coats and other prominent places. Otherwise, you risk being fined up to €400.

Estonia also has one of the cleanest air on earth.

Nearly 50% of the territory is covered by forest and 22% is used for agriculture.

After Finland and Canada, she is also the third country in the world with the largest area covered by natural marshes.

Tallinn is considered an Olympic city. When the 1980 Summer Olympics were held in Moscow, the Olympic regatta was held in Tallinn.

Estonia is only slightly larger than Denmark and has a coastline dotted with islands. Estonia has 2,222 islands, 318 of which are larger than 1 hectare. The 22 islands are inhabited all year round.

The first food eaten in space was cooked in Estonia. Poltsama’s factory he became a supplier to the Soviet space program in 1962 and began packing finished food in tin tubes, the only option available at the time.

One of the largest meteorites to hit Earth in recent history fell on Saaremaa, in what is now the village of Kaali. According to measurements, Saaremaa is also a centrally located place in Europe.