World History

Ecuador | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Ecuador:

Ecuador was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years when the Inca Empire arrived. They fought the Incas for years, but eventually he ruled the area in the 14th century when the Incas empire ruled the area.

A century later, in 1534, the Spanish conquistadors arrived. They defeated the Incas and took control of the country. For many years the area was part of the Spanish Empire. The natives suffered terribly from diseases brought by Europeans and often had to work for the Spanish settlers. The city of Quito was the main city at the time and is now a World Heritage Site.

In 1822, Simón his Bolivar and his army defeated the Spaniards and the region became independent from Spain. Initially, the country was part of a larger group of countries called Gran Colombia, but in 1830 Ecuador became a separate and independent country.

Ecuador and Peru have long fought and fought over borders. This continued until 1999, when agreement was reached on the current borders. Ecuador was under direct military rule in the 1970s and experienced a period of internal unrest.

Information about Ecuador:

Capital Quito
Population 18,219,011 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Quito (capital), Guayaquil, Cuenca, Baños, Tena, Santo Domingo
Borders Colombia to the north, Peru to the east and the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $115,049,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency US dollar (USD)

Flag of Ecuador:

Ecuador Economy Key Industries:

Ecuador Major Industries: petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals

Ecuador Agricultural Products: bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp

Ecuador Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

Ecuador Major Exports: petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp

Ecuador Major Imports: vehicles, medicinal products, telecommunications equipment, electricity

The Geography of Ecuador:

Total Size of Ecuador: 2.952 billion (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Ecuador: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Ecuador: Chimborazo 6,267 m

Climate of Ecuador: Tropical; along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands

General Terrain of Ecuador: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

World Region or Continent of Ecuador:  South America

Geographical Coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W

The People of  Ecuador & Culture

Ecuador Government Type: republic

Ecuador Nationality: Ecuadorian(s)

Ecuador National Holiday: Independence Day (independence of Quito), 10 August (1809)

Ecuador Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain)

Ecuador National Symbol: Andean condor

Ecuador National Anthem or Song: Salve, Oh Patria! (We Salute You Our Homeland)

Ecuador Languages Spoken: Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)

Ecuador Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%

Interesting Facts about Ecuador:

Ecuador is the world’s largest banana exporter. Besides providing a delicious yellow fruit, it is also a staple of Ecuadorian meals and cuisine.

In 2008, Ecuador became the first country to officially recognize the right to nature.

In 1851 Ecuador abolished slavery and freed all black slaves.

Ecuador took the initiative in her early 20th century, becoming the first country to abolish the death penalty.

Mount Chimborazo is the closest point on Earth to the Sun.

Ecuador is one of the 17 most biodiverse countries in the world and has more biodiversity per square kilometer than any other country.

Her 40% of Ecuadorian adults do not have bank accounts.

Spanish is the official language of Ecuador.

Ecuador has more mobile phones than inhabitants.

Ecuador has used the US dollar as its national currency since 2000. Ecuador is the only country in the world named after a geographical feature.

Ecuador boasts the world’s first and her second UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Galapagos Islands and Quito.

Charles Darwin based the main foundation of his theory of evolution on his discovery on the Galapagos Islands, which he visited in 1835.

The panama hat originated in Ecuador.

Due to its high altitude, Quito’s water boils at 90 degrees Celsius instead of 100 degrees Celsius. 74% of Ecuador’s population is Roman Catholic.

The rose is the national flower of Ecuador.

Ecuador requires citizens between the ages of 18 and 65 to vote.

The first president, Rosalia Arteaga, was in office for just two days.

Her two native languages ​​spoken in Ecuador are Quechua and Shuar. Ecuador was part of the Inca Empire until it was conquered by the Spanish in 1533.

He 10% of all plant species in the world are grown here.