World History

Dominican Republic | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Dominican Republic

History of Dominican Republic:

The Dominican Republic is located on the eastern half of the island of Hispaniola. The island was originally inhabited by the Arawak Taino Indians. When Columbus arrived on his first voyage to the New World in 1492, he claimed the island for Spain. At the time, the island was inhabited by hundreds of thousands of Native Americans.

However, diseases such as smallpox brought by Europeans led to a rapid decline in the Taino population. Hispaniola became the starting point for further Spanish exploration and conquest throughout the New World. Founded in 1496, the city of Santo he Domingo was the first settlement in the New World.

In 1697 Spain ceded control of the western third of the island to France. In 1804 the area became the nation of Haiti. The Haitians he conquered the rest of the island in 1821, but the eastern two-thirds he gained independence in 1844 as the Dominican Republic.

Information about Dominican Republic:

Capital Santo Domingo
Population 11,347,302 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities SANTO DOMINGO (capital), Santiago, Puerto Plata
Borders Colombia, Venezuela, Aruba (Netherlands), Curaçao (Netherlands), Puerto Rico (United States), and Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $113,642,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Dominican peso (DOP)

Flag of Dominican Republic:

Dominican Republic Economy Key Industries:

Dominican Republic Major Industries: tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco

Dominican Republic Agricultural Products: sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs

Dominican Republic Natural Resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

Dominican Republic Major Exports: ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods

Dominican Republic Major Imports: foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals

The Geography of Dominican Republic:

Total Size of Dominican Republic: 48,670 km² (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Dominican Republic: Lago Enriquillo -46 m

Geographical High Point of Dominican Republic: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

Climate of Dominican Republic: Tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

General Terrain of Dominican Republic: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

World Region or Continent of Dominican Republic:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 19 00 N, 70 40 W

The People of Dominican Republic & Culture

Dominican Republic Government Type: representative democracy

Dominican Republic Nationality: Dominican(s)

Dominican Republic National Holiday: Independence Day, 27 February (1844)

Dominican Republic Independence: 27 February 1844 (from Haiti)

Dominican Republic National Symbol: palmchat (bird)

Dominican Republic National Anthem or Song: Himno Nacional (National Anthem)

Dominican Republic Languages Spoken: Spanish

Dominican Republic Religions:

  • Catholicism (59.2%)
  • Protestantism (19%)
  • Unaffiliated (16.6%)
  • Others (3.5%)
  • No Answer (1.8%)

Interesting Facts about Dominican Republic:

The Cathedral of Santa Maria la Menor in Santo Domingo is the oldest cathedral in the United States. It was built in the 16th century!

The national ideology of the Dominican Republic is Dios, Patria, Libertad, which means “God, Fatherland, Liberty”.

This motto is also the background of the colors of the national flag. Blue symbolizes freedom, the white cross represents salvation, and red symbolizes the blood shed by the nation’s independence fathers.

The flag was designed by Juan Pablo Duarte, whose birthday is still celebrated as Duarte’s Day in the country.

Another flag fact to round out our top 10: It is the only national flag in the world to feature Biblical imagery
Beyond Barbados, Dom Rep is an excellent rum producer

If you are a member of the military or police, you cannot vote in the General Election for Dom Representatives

The Dominican Republic has some of the friendliest police in the world, but it’s illegal to kiss a woman in front of Popo.

The Dominican Republic is a very sustainable country as it produces almost all types of food that are served for breakfast, lunch and dinner throughout the country. It is America’s oldest colonial settlement and the site of Christopher Columbus’ first landing in the New World in 1492.

Other firsts in America: first Catholic cathedral, first university, first hospital, first capital city (Santo Domingo).

Any fans of The Godfather Part II? Scenes from the Cuban Revolution were actually filmed at the Presidential Palace in Santo Domingo.