World History

Dominica | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Dominica

History of Dominica:

Dominica was originally inhabited by the Arawak tribe of Native Americans. Then, around the 13th century, the warring Caribbean peoples wiped them off the island.

The first European to visit Dominica was Christopher Columbus in his 1493. However, the Spaniards did not settle the islands for wild Caribbean natives. Over 100 years later, the French claimed Dominica and began settling the island.

During various wars in the 18th century, the island changed ownership several times between France and England, eventually coming under British control. It officially became a British colony in 1805, making it the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized.

Dominica became an independent country on November 3, 1978. In 1980, Mary Eugenia Charles was elected the Caribbean’s first female prime minister.

Information about Dominica:

Capital Roseau
Population 73,086 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities ROSEAU (capital)
Borders French islands of Guadeloupe, some 48 kilometres north, and Martinique, about 40 kilometres south.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $612,048,148 (2022 worldometer)
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Flag of Dominica:

Dominica Economy Key Industries:

Dominica Major Industries: soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

Dominica Agricultural Products: bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts, cocoa; forest and fishery potential not exploited

Dominica Natural Resources: timber, hydropower, arable land

Dominica Major Exports: bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges

Dominica Major Imports: manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals

The Geography of Dominica:

Total Size of Dominica: 750 km² (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Dominica: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Dominica: Morne Diablatins 1,447 m

Climate of Dominica: Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

General Terrain of Dominica: rugged mountains of volcanic origin

World Region or Continent of Dominica:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 15 25 N, 61 20 W

The People of Dominica & Culture

Dominica Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Dominica Nationality: Dominican (s)

Dominica National Holiday: Independence Day, 3 November (1978)

Dominica Independence: 3 November 1978 (from UK)

Dominica National Symbol: Sisserou parrot

Dominica National Anthem or Song: Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendor

Dominica Languages Spoken: English (official), French patois

Dominica Religions: Roman Catholic 77%, Protestant 15% (Methodist 5%, Pentecostal 3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3%, Baptist 2%, other 2%), other 6%, none 2%

Interesting Facts about Dominica:

Dominica is an island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea of ​​North America.

The Caribbean people who settled Dominica in the 14th century named the island Waitikuburi, which means “her body is fine.”

Dominica is named after the day of the week when explorer Christopher Columbus sighted the island in his 1493 year. “Sunday” is Latin for “Domingo”.

Dominica was the last Caribbean island to be colonized by Europeans. This was mainly due to the fierce resistance of the Kalinago natives.

Dominica is now home to the largest indigenous population in the Eastern Caribbean. About 3,000 Kalinago (formerly called “Caribbeans” by settlers) still live in Dominica.

The mountains of Dominica provided refuge for the Kalinago people during attacks by early settlers.

During the 16th century, England and France repeatedly tried to gain control, but finally agreed to renounce Dominica in 1660.

However, in 1763, after the end of the Seven Years’ War, the British occupied Dominica.

The national symbol of Dominica is the Sisero parrot, a rare bird endemic to the island. In Dominica, you can see and even swim with the world’s largest toothed predator, the sperm whale.

In 1979, Hurricane David hit Dominica with winds of 150 mph. At least 37 people were killed and 60,000 homes, nearly 75% of the total population, were destroyed.

In 2017, Category 5 Hurricane Maria hit Dominica, causing devastating damage. 95% of buildings were damaged or destroyed, 99% of the island lost power, more than 50,000 people were evacuated and at least 31 people lost their lives. Dominica has nine active volcanoes, but has not had a major eruption since 1880, in 1997 and before that.

Finally, in 1978, Dominica became fully independent with Patrick John as prime minister.

Dominica has the highest concentration of active volcanoes in the world.

The second largest boiling lake in the world is located in Dominica. Discovered in 1875, the site is actually a flooded fissure in the ground that allows hot gases to escape from the lava below.