Dogs | History, Domestication, Physical Traits, Breeds, & Facts

The dog is one of the most popular pets in the world (of course, cat lovers will beg cats). Dogs have long played an important role in human life. Dogs are believed to have been pets for thousands of years. Dogs are often called man’s best friend. This is because dogs help humans in many ways.

Highlights of Dogs:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Carnivora
Family Canidae
Genus Canis
Species C. lupus
Subspecies C. l. familiaris

Types and Breeds of Dogs

There are many breeds and types of dogs. Dogs vary in size from very small (only a few inches tall) to very large (3 feet tall). Some breeds are considered best for indoor or outdoor pets and some are considered working dogs. The jobs that dogs do include hunting, police, rescue and guide dogs for the blind. Because dogs are intelligent and eager to train, they make excellent companions and working animals.

Dogs are mammals. Different dog breeds have different traits and skills, but most dogs have big teeth, can run fast and jump, walk on their toes, and have strong muscles.

Smelling, Seeing, Hearing

Dogs have very good senses. They have an excellent sense of smell, which helps these dogs to track and detect illegal objects such as drugs or bombs very well. Some dogs are specifically bred to increase their sense of smell. Dogs also have an excellent vision that allows them to see almost an entire circle.

Their hearing is also very sensitive and has a wide frequency range. This allows dogs to hear sounds much higher than humans. Their excellent hearing makes them good watchdogs.

Dogs as Pets

Dogs can be great pets for children. It is important to train both the dog and the child. Children must learn to treat a dog so that the dog does not retaliate. There are many professional trainers that can help you choose the right breed for your family and help you teach your dog and children how to behave.

How to Choose a Dog

There are many great breeds of dogs, but every breed is different. If you decide to keep a dog as a pet, you need to choose a dog that fits your lifestyle.

How active you are – Let’s be honest here. Some dogs like to hang around, but others need a lot of exercise. Choose a dog that is right for your activity level.

Yard Dog or House Dog – Some dogs like to be outdoors. Choose a dog that will be happy with the house and yard you have. Do you have children in your family – Some dogs are better with children than others.

Finance – Before buying a dog, make sure you understand the costs. You can afford to feed a dog, vaccinate it, take it to the vet, and more. Are not?

Time Commitment – Dogs take time. They have emotional and physical needs that will take up a lot of your time. Make sure you want to do this every day before you get a dog.

Interesting Facts About Dogs

A dog can smell about 100,000 times better than a human.

The majority of dogs sweat glands are found between the pads of the paws.

Chocolate can make dogs very sick or even kill them because it contains a substance called theobromine, which is toxic to dogs.

Dogs hear about ten times better than the average person. Small dog breeds tend to live longer than large breeds.

More than 30% of homes in the United States have dogs as pets.

Having a companion dog has been shown to improve people’s health. They live longer and have fewer heart attacks.