People are diverse creatures. Their skin and eye colours might vary greatly. Some of these variations may contain varying amounts of melanin, which will affect how they react to light, glare, and absence of it. What causes the colour of a person’s eyes to change over time, and why do humans have different eye colours? Although brown eyes are the most prevalent eye colour, blue eyes are the second most frequent. But do blue eyes see better in the dark than darker eye colours? Let us examine this and hear from the professionals.
Differences in Light and Dark Colored Eyes
The number of people with blue eyes is not small. Globally, the percentages of individuals with distinct eye colours are as follows: grey makes up less than 1%, hazel is 18%, blue is 27%, brown is 45%, and green is 9%. As many kids do, those with lighter-colored eyes may begin that way at birth and eventually darken as more melanin is added. This holds true for hair colour as well. A lot of kids have white-blond hair when they first come out, which can eventually turn dirty blond or even brown. Over the course of their lives, children with brown eyes may develop deeper shades of brown. Although it is uncommon, it is possible for someone’s eyes to change in the other direction.
Brown eyes are seen to be more reliable than lighter-colored eyes when investigated. Moreover, blue-eyed individuals share a common progenitor due to the lack of variation in their melanin-producing DNA. Not even 10,000 years ago did blue eyes exist. Researchers have determined that blue eyes first appeared in the Black Sea Region in southeast Europe between 6,000 and 10,000 years ago. There is a genetic mutation in the blue-eyed person. It started when they inherited the mutation from their progeny.
Do Blue Eyes See Better in the Dark?
More melanin and less light reflection go through the eyes of those with brown eyes. Darker-eyed persons can therefore see better in bright light than at night. Those whose eyes are paler in colour have very little melanin and are more sensitive to light on bright days. On the other hand, compared to people with darker eyes, they can see more well at night. Essentially, lighter eyes are better at reflecting light than darker eyes. Because of the light sensitivity caused by headlights, those with lighter eyes perform worse than those with darker eyes when driving at night in traffic.
“The root of the problem is that light-eyed people lack pigment in their macula, which is a little dot, about the size of a pinhead, that sits conveniently in the most centralised portion of the eye as light passes through your pupil to get to your retina,” sports optometrist Dr. Donald Teig said in a discussion of the effects of light on a player’s light-colored eyes. The more pigmented it is, the better it genuinely manages the influence of light, according to Teig.
In general, the answer is yes; blue eyes, like all low melanin-containing eyes, have a reflecting characteristic that makes them ideal for seeing in the dark. Turn on the light if you need a glass of water in the middle of the night at a vacation home or hotel—unless you’re really bold and have blue or bright-colored eyes!