Tea is a popular beverage consumed hot or cold all over the world. The leaves, buds, and stems of Camellia Sinensis, a species of evergreen often known as tea trees, tea shrubs, and tea plants, are used to make tea. Tea has a significant role in many cultures, customs, and rituals.
It is now a major cash crop that contributes significantly to rural development, food security, and the fight against poverty in many nations. It is, in fact, the primary source of income for a large number of smallholder farmers. The United Nations declared May 1st to be International Tea Day in an effort to increase public awareness of tea’s contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals. Continue reading to learn about the 16 nations that produce the most tea!
Facts About Tea
Tea offers numerous health advantages, including the ability to reduce weight and have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities.
One of the oldest and most popular drinks in the world is tea.
China produced 2.2 million tonnes.
China tops the list because tea is a vital part of the nation’s everyday life and social fabric, as well as its economic growth. Indeed, it has supposedly been a component of this culture since 2737 BCE! China is the world’s top producer of tea, including oolong, green, white, and pu-erh (fermented tea). Yunnan and Fujian are known for producing exceptional teas.
India – 1.2 million tons
India, which produces tea in Assam, Nilgiri, and Darjeeling kinds, is the world’s second-largest producer. The British brought them to market for the first time in 1824 in an attempt to compete with China. For more than a century, they led the world in production until China overtook them in the twenty-first century. Indeed, every part of India produces a different type of tea, from Darjeeling’s light and aromatic qualities to Assam’s powerful and malty taste.
Kenya – 432,000 tons
Tea is grown in Kenya at high altitudes, such as the Rift Valley. Strong and astringent black tea is produced here. They were the first to create the crush, tear, and curl (or “CTC”) process of making tea for blends and tea bags. Kenya is the world’s leading producer of black tea and the top producer of tea in Africa. The best places for cultivation are the Nyambene Hills, Nandi, and Kericho region.
Sri Lanka – 340,000 tons
Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, has been growing tea since the 19th century. Their varied temperatures and elevations allow for a vast spectrum of flavours from light and floral to strong and malty. They are well-known for their bright and energetic Ceylon tea. The central mountain region produces about 17 percent of the tea consumed worldwide. In addition, Ceylon tea, which the British brought in 1867, is grown in Uva, Kenilworth, and Dimbula.
Vietnam – 214,000 tons
The flavour of green tea from Vietnam is mild and well-balanced. Here, under French colonial rule, tea was first introduced. A vast range of teas, including white, black and green teas as well as specialty teas flavoured with flower petals like lotus and jasmine, are grown in the northern province of Yen Bai.
Turkey – 212,000 tons
Turkish tea, often known as “cav,” is a type of black tea that people drink all day. In their culture, tea gardens are places to gather socially and unwind. Turkey is actually situated in the centre of historic trade routes that connect the east and the west. In the named region on the Black Sea coast, the Rize variety is the most widely consumed tea.
Iran – 160,000 tons
The majority of Iran’s tea is produced in the province of Gilan, which is near the Caspian Sea. Here, black tea is a preferred type and a social gathering favourite. Iranians also like their tea flavoured with cardamom or other spices.
Indonesia – 148,000 tons
The varied environment of this archipelago is ideal for growing tea. Robust and aromatic black teas are grown in the Sumatra and Java islands. Indonesia was first exposed to tea by the Dutch East India Company during the 1700s colonial era. Consequently, they mostly cultivate the Indian Assam varietals of green and black tea. This region’s teas have high levels of catechin, a natural antioxidant, and phenol, which supports gut and heart health.
Argentina – 105,000 tons
They are more renowned for producing coffee, but they also make a lot of Indian black tea. Here, tea was first introduced in the 1920s. More specifically, the government pushed farmers to experiment with new crops. In the provinces of Tucuman, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes, and Misiones, hybridised green and black teas were planted. Furthermore, Yerba Mate is the nation’s most popular tea.
Japan – 84,000 tons
Green tea is the main crop farmed in the Uji, Kagoshima, and Shizuoka regions of the country’s southwest. In Japan, tea holds great cultural significance as it is the most widely consumed beverage and plays a crucial role in tea rituals.
According to legend, tea was first grown in this nation in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Particularly good places to cultivate include the mountain regions of Doi Mae Salong, Doi Ang Khang, Doi Tung, and Baan Rak Thai. Herbal, black, Earl Grey, English breakfast, jasmine, masala chai, oolong, lemongrass, green, osmanthus, and jade are among the tea varieties grown in Thailand.
Bangladesh 64,000 tons
Tea is the main cash crop in this country; in fact, tea plantations and estates can be found all over the place. Here, teas of the following varieties are grown: white, instant, oolong, black, and green.
Malawi – 54,000 tons
One of the most consumed drinks in this nation is tea. Nonetheless, black tea makes up the majority of the tea grown here. They also export herbal, white, and oolong teas, among other sorts.
Uganda – 53,000 tons
In this nation, tea is a significant crop. A sizable portion of the land is set aside for farming. Kisoro, Mbarara, Rukungiri, and Mukono are the main tea-growing regions of the nation. Here, teas of the green, oolong, and black varieties are grown.
Burundi – 41,800 tons
Here tea was first introduced at the Gisozi research station in 1931. In 1952, commercial plantings came next. Furthermore, the Office du The du Burundi supported the manufacture, marketing, and cultivation of tea in 1971. The weather was ideal for growing tea, which is currently their second-biggest income crop. Black, green, brown, and yellow teas are among the varieties.
Rwanda – 22,100 tons
Rwanda is the final country in our list of the 16 that produce the most tea, ranked number 16. The moderate climate of this nation is perfect for growing tea. They grow a variety of teas, including green, orthodox, black, spicy, organic, and white teas, in the Thyolo and Mulanje districts.
Highlights of 16 Countries That Produce the Most Tea
|Tea Production in tons