World History

Czech Republic | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Czech Republic

History of Czech Republic:

In the Czech Republic, various tribes settled here, starting with the Celts, then the Germans, and then the Slavs. In the 9th century, the Kingdom of Bohemia began to develop into a great power. Bohemia was part of the Holy Roman Empire and several kings ruled the country. The zenith of the Czech Kingdom was reached by Charles IV in his 1342. He was also King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. The Holy Roman Empire ruled the country for many years until Austria and the Habsburg Empire ruled in the 19th century.

After World War I, Czechoslovakia was formed from the Czech and Slovak regions of the Austrian Empire. When World War II began, Czechoslovakia immediately became part of Germany. Many Jews and other minorities suffered greatly during this period. After the war, the country came under the control of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom. The Czechs and Slovaks decided that they each wanted to have their own country and were peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 2004 the Czech Republic became a member of the European Union (EU).

Information about Czech Republic:

Capital Prague
Population 10,496,589 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Prague (capital), Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Liberec, Olomouc, České Budějovice, Hradec Králové
Borders Poland to north and northeast, Slovakia to east, Austria to south, and Germany to west and northwest
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $290,924,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Czech koruna (CZK)

Flag of Czech Republic:

Czech Republic Economy Key Industries:

Czech Republic Major Industries: metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments

Czech Republic Agricultural Products: wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry

Czech Republic Natural Resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

Czech Republic Major Exports: machinery and transport equipment 52%, chemicals 5%, raw materials and fuel 9% (2003)

Czech Republic Major Imports: machinery and transport equipment 46%, raw materials and fuels 15%, chemicals 10% (2003)

The Geography of Czech Republic:

Total Size of Czech Republic: 78,867 km2 (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Czech Republic: Elbe River 115 m

Geographical High Point of Czech Republic: Snezka 1,602 m

Climate of Czech Republic: Temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

General Terrain of Czech Republic: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

World Region or Continent of Czech Republic:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 49 45 N, 15 30 E

The People of  Czech Republic & Culture

Czech Republic Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Czech Republic Nationality: Czech(s)

Czech Republic National Holiday: Czech Founding Day, 28 October (1918)

Czech Republic Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)

Czech Republic National Symbol: double-tailed lion

Czech Republic National Anthem or Song: Kde domov muj? (Where is My Home?)

Czech Republic Languages Spoken: Czech

Czech Republic Religions: Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)

Interesting Facts about Czech Republic:

The Czech Republic is the birthplace of robots, but not because robots live there. As a matter of fact, the word “robot” was invented by the Czech writer Karl Čapek. He used the word in his play to describe creatures that have no soul and can do anything that humans cannot do.

Prague is the only major European city that was not bombed during World War II, so many of the buildings in the historic center remain intact. Some of them were built in the Middle Ages.

The Czech Republic ranks him 7th in the ranking of the safest countries in the world. Various factors were considered in the evaluation, including: B. Social conditions, tolerance, economic stability, community mental health, performing arts and cultural events. and quality of life.

Czechs love mushrooms. The only thing they like more than mushrooms is gathering. If the city is empty on Wenceslas Day (which is celebrated at the end of September), it’s only because everyone gathers mushrooms in the forest.

The Czech Republic is one of the least religious countries in the world, despite having many churches in towns and small villages. About 80% of Czechs identify as atheists or have not yet decided on their religion.

The first Hollywood blockbuster filmed in Prague was the movie “Mission: Impossible” starring Tom Cruise. Other famous films were also shot in the Czech capital. The Illusionist, Yentl, Les Miserables (1998 edition), Casino Royale.

Pisek has the oldest bridge in the Czech Republic and is 900 years old.

Prague was the home of the Roman Emperor during his reign of Charles IV and was one of his largest cities in the Holy Roman Empire.

In the Czech Republic, several ossuaries, such as chapels and caves containing human bones, have been found. One of his is in St. Jacob’s Church, his second largest ossuary in Europe after the Catacombs of Paris.

In Krasno you can visit the Spiralovita Rogeredna stone viewing platform with an external spiral staircase. This is he one of the most unusual lookouts in the country and offers breathtaking views of the Czech countryside.

Prague Castle – the largest castle in the world: 570 m long and 128 m wide. He puts together more than 7 football fields. Today, the castle is the residence of the president of the Czech Republic and was once home to Czech kings and Roman emperors.