World History

Cuba | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Cuba

History of Cuba:

Various Native American cultures lived on the island of Cuba until the arrival of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492. After arriving on a Spanish expedition, Spain conquered Cuba and appointed a Spanish governor to rule Havana.

Information about Cuba:

Capital Havana
Population 11,191,671 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities  HAVANA (capital), Santiago de Cuba, Camaguey, Holguin
Borders Haiti, is 48 miles to the east, across the Windward Passage; Jamaica is 87 miles to the south; the Bahamas archipelago extends to within 50 miles of the northern coast; and the United States is about 90 miles to the north across the Straits of Florida.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $107,352,000,000  (2022 worldometer)
Currency Cuban peso (CUP) and Convertible peso (CUC)

Flag of Cuba:

Cuba Economy Key Industries:

Cuba Major Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals

Cuba Agricultural Products: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock

Cuba Natural Resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Cuba Major Exports: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee

Cuba Major Imports: petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals

The Geography of Cuba:

Total Size of Cuba: 109,884 km² (source: 2022 Wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Cuba: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Cuba: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

Climate of Cuba: Tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

General Terrain of Cuba: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

World Region or Continent of Cuba:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W

The People of Cuba & Culture

Cuba Government Type: Communist state

Cuba Nationality: Cubaan (s)

Cuba National Holiday: Independence Day, 10 December (1898); note – 10 December 1898 is the date of independence from Spain, 20 May 1902 is the date of independence from US administration; Rebellion Day, 26 July (1953)

Cuba Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902)

Cuba National Symbol:

  • Bird – Tocororo
  • Tree – Royal Palm
  • Flower – White Mariposa
  • Motto – Homeland or death
  • Coat of arms – A shield showing a sunset, a key, a palm tree, and blue and white stripes
  • Colors – Red, white, and blue
  • Other symbols – Phrygian cap

Cuba National Anthem or Song: La Bayamesa (The Bayamo Song)

Cuba Languages Spoken: Spanish

Cuba Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented

Cuba Divisions: Cuba is divided into 15 provinces and one municipality (the island Isla de la Juventud).

  1. Pinar del Rio
  2. Artemisa
  3. Havana
  4. Mayabeque
  5. Matanzas
  6. Cienfuegos
  7. Villa Clara
  8. Sancti Spiritus
  9. Ciego de Avila
  10. Camaguey
  11. Las Tunas
  12. Granma
  13. Holguin
  14. Santiago de Cuba
  15. Guantanamo
  16. Isla de la Juventud

Interesting Facts about Cuba:

Cuba has over 250 museums.

In Cuba, government vehicles must stop to pick up hitchhikers.

Baseball is the most popular sport in Cuba. Boxing is also a popular sport in the country.
Over 22% of his land in Cuba is protected. Between the ages of 17 and 28, both men and women are required to serve in the Cuban Armed Forces for two years.

The Cuban government owns and controls all broadcast media, including radio and television stations in the country.

Cuba gained independence from the United States in 1902 and became the Republic of Cuba.

Cuba has a prehistoric fish called manager. This fish lives only here in the world. Cuba has 70,000 qualified doctors. There are only 50,000 people in all of Africa.

Cuba is home to an estimated 7,000 plant species, half of which are endemic to the island.

Of his 350 bird species in Cuba, at least 12 are endemic to the island.

About 2% of Cuba’s arable land is used for coffee production, and her 265,000 workers are employed in this industry. On average, at least 50,000 illegal American tourists visit Cuba each year.

Cuba has her two currencies. Cuban Convertible Paper, also known as CUC, is the official tourism currency and is pegged at 1=1 USD. Cuban Peso, also known as Moneda Nacional (MN), is the local currency and is converted at 25 million USD = 1 CUC.

Cubans were not allowed to own mobile phones until the ban was lifted by President Raul Castro’s government in 2008.

Did you know that the United States pays Cuba about $4,085 a year to lease the 45 square miles of the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base? However, Cuba has not accepted this payment since 1959.

From the air, the island of Cuba resembles a crocodile. Therefore, it is also called “El Crocodillo” or “El Caima” in Spanish.

Cuba did not officially recognize Christmas as a public holiday until her 1997.

Cuba has more than 200 bays and 250 beaches, making it perhaps the best beach destination in the Caribbean.

Bacardi rum was originally made in Cuba, but production moved to Puerto Rico after Fidel Castro took power. Cuba has no animals or plants that are poisonous or deadly to humans.