World History

Croatia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Croatia:

Croatian people are called Croatians. The first Croats settled in what is now Croatia around 500 AD. They ruled themselves for many years, but in 1091 they decided to become part of the Hungarian Empire through a treaty called “Pakta Conventa”. When the Ottoman Empire began to expand in the 15th century, they feared being taken over by the Ottomans. So they asked Archduke Ferdinand if he would like to join the Austrian Habsburg Empire.

In 1868, Croatia again fell under Hungarian rule. This lasted until World War I, after which it became part of Yugoslavia. World War II brought great hardships to the country under the rule of Germany and Italy. After the war, Marshal Tito led the Communist Party in Yugoslavia.

Communism collapsed across Eastern Europe in his early 1990s. Yugoslavia became a land of great unrest as different ethnic groups began competing for power and independence. Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia and a civil war broke out. War between Croats and Serbs raged over the years. The Dayton Peace Accords were signed in December 1995, finally bringing some peace to the region.

Information about Croatia:

Capital Zagreb
Population 4,008,617 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Zagreb (capital), Split, Rijeka, Zadar
Borders Slovenia and Hungary in north, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia in east, & has a short border with Montenegro, and maritime borders with Italy
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $70,964,606,465 (2022 worldometer)
Currency kuna (HRK)

Flag of Croatia:

Croatia Economy Key Industries:

Croatia Major Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism

Croatia Agricultural Products: wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products

Croatia Natural Resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Croatia Major Exports: transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels

Croatia Major Imports: machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs

The Geography of Croatia:

Total Size of Croatia: 56,594 km2 (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Croatia: Adriatic Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Croatia: Dinara 1,830 m

Climate of Croatia: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

General Terrain of Croatia: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

World Region or Continent of Croatia:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E

The People of  Croatia & Culture

Croatia Government Type: presidential/parliamentary democracy

Croatia Nationality: Croat(s), Croatian(s)

Croatia National Holiday: Independence Day, 8 October (1991); note – 25 June 1991 is the day Croatian Parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, Parliament adopted a decision on 8 October 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia

Croatia Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

Croatia National Symbol: red-white checkerboard

Croatia National Anthem or Song: Lijepa nasa domovino (Our Beautiful Homeland)

Croatia Languages Spoken: Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)

Croatia Religions: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)

Interesting Facts about Croatia:

There are almost as many Croatians living abroad as there are inside. The current population is just over 4 million.

Croatia has more than 1,200 her islands, islets and rocks off the mainland. However, only 48 of her houses are inhabited. Of all the islands, Hvar and Korcula receive the most tourists.

Croatia’s largest island is Krk with an area of ​​405.78 square meters.

Croatia has a heart-shaped island, Galesnjak, also known as Love Island or Love Island.

The Croatian city of Dubrovnik had one of Europe’s first medieval sewage systems.

Croatia is the smallest city in the world. The town of Ham is very small, with only 17-23 inhabitants.

Vinkovci, in eastern Croatia, is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It has been inhabited for over 8,000 years!

Zlat’s mouse beach changes shape and color depending on the wind. This beach is located in Bol on the island of Brac. His nickname is Golden Horn.

Dubrovnik was the main filming location for The Landing of Kings in HBO’s popular series ‘Game of Thrones’. The city of Split was also one of the filming locations.

Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, was formerly known as Agram.

Since 1715, the first weekend of August every year, the Croatian town of Sinj hosts a knight’s tournament called Sinjska Arca. In jousting tournaments, knights ride horses down the thoroughfares and aim spears at iron rings.

At 108 meters high, Zagreb Cathedral in Kaptol is the tallest building in Croatia.