World History

Cote d’Ivoire | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Cote d’Ivoire:

The first Europeans to arrive in what is now Ivory Coast were the French in 1637. My first contact was with the missionaries. Over time, French merchants, explorers, soldiers and missionaries migrated to the country. Most come from neighboring regions and bordering countries. The country became a French colony in 1893, but did not come under full French control until 1915.

The first governor of Côte d’Ivoire was Caption Binger, an explorer who mapped and explored the country’s coast and surrounding areas around the Gold Coast. Côte d’Ivoire was under French rule until 1960, after which it maintained close ties with France for many years.

The 2000s were a time of turmoil and turmoil in the country. Many military coups, uprisings and fixed elections took place. The United Nations and French troops were stationed in the country to keep the peace.

Information about Cote d’Ivoire:

Capital Yamoussoukro
Population 29,003,445 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Yamoussoukro (capital), Abidjan, Bouake, San-Pedro, Daloa, Korhogo, Gagnoa, Man, Duekoue, Divo
Borders Guinea to the northwest, Liberia to the west, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the northeast, Ghana to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $70,018,715,017 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note – responsible authority is the Central Bank of the

Flag of Cote d’Ivoire:

Cote d’Ivoire Economy Key Industries:

Cote d’Ivoire Major Industries: foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair

Cote d’Ivoire Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber

Cote d’Ivoire Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower

Cote d’Ivoire Major Exports: cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish

Cote d’Ivoire Major Imports: fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs

The Geography of Cote d’Ivoire:

Total Size of Cote d’Ivoire: 322,462 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Cote d’Ivoire: Gulf of Guinea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Cote d’Ivoire: Mont Nimba 1,752 m

Climate of Cote d’Ivoire: Tropicalalong coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons – warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)

General Terrain of Cote d’Ivoire: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest

World Region or Continent of Cote d’Ivoire: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 8 00 N, 5 00 W

The People of  Cote d’Ivoire & Culture

Cote d’Ivoire Government Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960

Cote d’Ivoire Nationality:  Ivoirian(s)

Cote d’Ivoire National Holiday: Independence Day, 7 August (1960)

Cote d’Ivoire Independence: 7 August 1960 (from France)

Cote d’Ivoire National Symbol: elephant

Cote d’Ivoire National Anthem or Song: L’Abidjanaise (Song of Abidjan)

Cote d’Ivoire Languages Spoken: French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken

Cote d’Ivoire Religions: Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40%, Christian 20-30% (2001)

Interesting Facts about Cote d’Ivoire:

This country has two different names. English version is Ivory Coast, French version is Ivory Coast. After an official name change in 1985, it is now known by its French name. Many people still call it Côte d’Ivoire because it is easy to pronounce.

He also has two capitals, Yamoussoukro is the political center and Abidjan is the center of economic activity.

The country was founded by Queen Abra Pokou in the mid-18th century. It was she who made the decision to relocate the Bauole people from Ghana to a new land in search of a better life. But she had to pay a high price for it. The Queen’s child drowned while people were crossing the river on their way to their new homes.

Did you know that the official currency is the West African Franc? It is also used in countries such as Togo, Benin, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal and Niger.

Ivory Coast became the first black republic and the first non-English speaking country to win an Oscar. The Oscar Award went to the national film “Black and White in Color,” which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

The world’s largest cathedral is located in Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast. It is the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace and covers an area of ​​323,000 square meters. It holds about 18,000 worshipers, but is rarely full.

Côte d’Ivoire’s only previous Olympic medal was silver in the men’s 400 meters in 1984.

Two civil wars (his five-year civil war in 2002, another lasting his year), started by rival ethnic factions, have brought the country to the brink of near-total collapse.

Africa’s largest virgin rainforest. Hike or kayak through the last stretch of West African evergreen forest to see chimpanzees, crocodiles, pygmy hippos and 250 species of rare birds.