World History

Congo, Democratic Republic | History, Capital, Flag, Facts

History of Congo, Democratic Republic:

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a separate country from the Republic of the Congo. They are neighbors with similar names, but they are different countries.

They were probably already alive in 8000 BC. People of the province of BC in what is now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They were shepherds, farmers, tribal people. In the 6th century AD, the Bantu tribe came and settled the area.

The first Europeans to enter the country were the Portuguese. Explorer Diego Cao arrived in 1482. Many years later, in the late 19th century, British journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley traveled much of the region. In 1885 the area became a colony of King Leopold II of Belgium and in 1907 it became Belgian possession. Belgian Congo gained full independence in the 1960s. The first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was Patrice Lumumba and the first President was Joseph Kasbub.

Information about Congo, Democratic Republic:

Capital Kinshasa
Population 102,861,032 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Kinshasa (capital), Boma, Matadi, Kenge, Bandundu, Kikwit, Tshikapa, Kananga, Mbuji-Mayi.
Borders Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $58,065,953,573 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Congolese franc (CDF)

Flag of Congo, Democratic Republic:

Congo, Democratic Republic Economy Key Industries:

Congo, Democratic Republic Major Industries: mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair

Congo, Democratic Republic Agricultural Products: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products

Congo, Democratic Republic Natural Resources: cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber

Congo, Democratic Republic Major Exports: diamonds, copper, crude oil, coffee, cobalt

Congo, Democratic Republic Major Imports: foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

The Geography of Congo, Democratic Republic:

Total Size of Congo, Democratic Republic: 2,345,409 km2 (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Congo, Democratic Republic: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Congo, Democratic Republic: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m

Climate of Congo, Democratic Republic: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator – wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February); south of Equator – wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)

General Terrain of Congo, Democratic Republic: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east

World Region or Continent of Congo, Democratic Republic: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 0 00 N, 25 00 E

The People of  Congo, Democratic Republic & Culture

Congo, Democratic Republic Government Type: transitional government

Congo, Democratic Republic Nationality: Congolese (singular and plural)

Congo, Democratic Republic National Holiday: Independence Day, 30 June (1960)

Congo, Democratic Republic Independence: 30 June 1960 (from Belgium)

Congo, Democratic Republic National Symbol: leopard

Congo, Democratic Republic National Anthem or Song: Debout Congolaise (Arise Congolese)

Congo, Democratic Republic Languages Spoken:  French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Congo, Democratic Republic Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%

Interesting Facts about Congo, Democratic Republic:

The Republic of Congo is home to the famous Pygmies. This indigenous people lives in the rainforests of Congo. The people of this tribe are short. The average pygmy male is about 4 feet 10 inches tall, while the average female is about 4 feet 1 inch tall. They live mainly in forests and still live by hunting and gathering.

The Congo Basin rainforest is her second largest rainforest in the world. About 70% of the country is covered with rainforest. The forest straddles Gaboo, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon and the Central African Republic.

Like any rainforest, it is rich in flora and fauna. It is home to over 10,000 plant species and several endangered species such as forest elephants and mountain gorillas.

The country’s Nuabale-Ndoki National Park is the last natural habitat on earth, free of traces of human intervention and unaffected by global change. This gave the park the title ‘The Last Garden of Eden on Earth’.

This country has great cultural diversity. Dietary habits also differ from tribe to tribe. The tribe is usually said to be guarded by spirits (usually animals) known as totems. If you have a totem in your family, you cannot eat that animal.

The country is a major exporter of sugar, cocoa, plywood, timber and oil.

Ozala National Park: One of the oldest parks in the country, he helps protect forest elephants and western gorillas. The park covers an area of ​​13,600 square kilometers, and in that vast area he now has three excellent camps.

The Diosse Valley is a red rock ridge and cliffs cut through lush jungle. You can also hike to the base to see the ‘Grand Canyon of the Congo’ up close.

The Congo River is the deepest river in the world (220 meters). It is also the second largest river in the world in terms of flow (41,000 cubic meters per second!). This river flows between the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Congo is the only place where bonobos live. This species of chimpanzee is considered to be the closest relative of humans.