World History

Cameroon | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Cameroon:

The first settlers in Cameroon were hunter-gatherers, such as the Baka and Thao peoples. The first European to arrive he was the Portuguese in 1472. Sailors found so many shrimp in the river that they named the country Rio dos Camalies (River of Shrimp). From this phrase came the name Kamaroon. For some time the Portuguese explored only the coast.

In the late 17th century, the Fulani tribes invaded and conquered the country. They brought Islam. In 1884 the German colony of Cameroon was established. After World War I, it was part of Germany until it was divided between Britain and France. In 1960 the French territory of Cameroon became independent. A few years later, part of British Cameroon joined Nigeria and the rest joined the Federal Republic of Cameroon.

Information about Cameroon:

Capital Yaounde
Population 28,778,645 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Yaounde (capital), Douala, Bamenda, Bafoussam, Garoua, Maroua, Bafoussam, Mokolo, Ngaoundéré
Borders Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $44,341,646,509 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note – responsible authority is the Bank of the Central

Flag of Cameroon:

Cameroon Economy Key Industries:

Cameroon Major Industries: petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair

Cameroon Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber

Cameroon Natural Resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

Cameroon Major Exports: crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

Cameroon Major Imports: machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

The Geography of Cameroon:

Total Size of Cameroon: 475,442 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Cameroon: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Cameroon: Fako 4,095 m (on Mt. Cameroon)

Climate of Cameroon: varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

General Terrain of Cameroon: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

World Region or Continent of Cameroon: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 6 00 N, 12 00 E

The People of  Cameroon & Culture

Cameroon Government Type:  republic; multiparty presidential regime

Cameroon Nationality: Cameroonian(s)

Cameroon National Holiday: Republic Day (National Day), 20 May (1972)

Cameroon Independence: 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

Cameroon National Symbol: lion

Cameroon National Anthem or Song: O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancetres (O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers)

Cameroon Languages Spoken: 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Cameroon Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Interesting Facts about Cameroon:

Yaounde is the country’s capital and second largest city, set in the lush green hills of southern Cameroon.

Cameroon has Lakes Manun and Lake Nyos, he is two of the three active (or explosively increasing) lakes in the world. These lakes store carbon dioxide in the form of underground magma underwater.

Mount Cameroon is an active volcano in southwestern Cameroon near the Gulf of Guinea. Elevation he reaches 4,045 m (13,271 ft). Mount Cameroon is one of Africa’s most active volcanoes, last erupting in 2012.

It rains a lot in Cameroon, but nowhere is it more pronounced than in the village of Debunja. This small village on Cameroon’s southwest coast receives more than 10,200 mm (400 inches) of rainfall per year. Based on this data, Debunja is by far among the top 10 wettest places (inhabited places) in the world.

In 1472, Portuguese explorers and merchants settled on the banks of the Wouri River in what is now the Gulf of Guinea, southwestern Cameroon. They established sugar plantations and purchased slaves from the local population, which brought Cameroon into the Atlantic slave trade.

Cameroon’s currency is the Central African Franc (CFA), pegged to both the West African Franc and the Euro. The CFA franc was introduced in Cameroon in 1945 to replace the French Equatorial African franc.

About two-thirds of Cameroon’s population is Christian. Islam is a sizable minority faith in Cameroon, comprising about a quarter of the country’s population. Many Christians and Muslims incorporate traditional beliefs into their religious practices.

Blessed with some of the most fertile soil in the world, Cameroon’s economy is based on agriculture. Cameroon is known for its cocoa, coffee, cotton, banana, rubber, palm oil and palm kernel, and peanut crops. The most important food crops are plantains, cassava, maize, millet and sugarcane

One of Cameroon’s unique facts is that it is home to the world’s largest frog. Aptly named Goliath, this frog can reach his 34 cm (13 in) in size. They weigh up to 3.3 kg (7.3 lbs) and have been known to build their own ponds out of heavy rocks.

As in most African countries, soccer is undoubtedly Cameroon’s most popular sport. The Cameroon men’s national football team is one of Africa’s most successful national teams. They are called “Indomitable Lions”.