World History

Botswana | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Botswana:

Batswana is a landlocked country in Africa north of South Africa. In other words, there is no coast. Before Europeans came to the area, the land was ruled by pastoral and agricultural tribes.

In 1885, due to a local war, the people of Batswana turned to the British for help and protection. They became a British territory and were also barred from the Commonwealth of South Africa at the request of the people.

Botswana gained autonomy in 1964. Since then, a constitution has been enacted and democratic elections have been held. The first president was Seretse Khama.

Information about Botswana:

Capital Gaborone
Population 2,683,184 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Gaborone (capital), Kasane, Kanye, Maun, Serowe, Lobatse, Francistown, Molepolole, Mochudi
Borders Namibia (west and northwest); Zambia (north); Zimbabwe (northeast) and South Africa (east and south)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $20,352,322,157 (2022 worldometer)
Currency pula (BWP)

Flag of Botswana:

Botswana Economy Key Industries:

Botswana Major Industries: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles

Botswana Agricultural Products: livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts

Botswana Natural Resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Botswana Major Exports: diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles

Botswana Major Imports: foodstuffs, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products

The Geography of Botswana:

Total Size of Botswana: 581,730 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Botswana:  junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m

Geographical High Point of Botswana:  Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m

Climate of Botswana: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

General Terrain of Botswana: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

World Region or Continent of Botswana: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 22 00 S, 24 00 E

The People of  Botswana & Culture

Botswana Government Type: parliamentary republic

Botswana Nationality: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Botswana National Holiday:  Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30 September (1966)

Botswana Independence: 30 September 1966 (from UK)

Botswana National Symbol: zebra

Botswana National Anthem or Song: Fatshe leno la rona (Our Land)

Botswana Languages Spoken:  Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)

Botswana Religions: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)

Interesting Facts about Botswana:

Makgadikgadi National Park and the Boteti River are home to zebras and wildebeest.

Botswana is the country with the highest density of elephant populations in the world. The best place to see them is Chobe National Park, where they come to the banks of the Chobe River to play, drink and swim.

The Okavango Delta is the world’s largest inland delta, in the dry season he covers an area of ​​15,000 km2. During the rainy season, its area can reach a whopping 22,000 km2. Linyanti is a great place to observe leopards and wild dogs.

The Makgadikgadi Salt Fields are one of the largest salt fields in the world, with an area of ​​12,000 km2.

The official language of Botswana is English. Setswana is the national language and the most widely spoken language in the country. However, there are 18 major tribal languages.

More than 4,500 ancient rock paintings can be found in the Tsodilo Hills of northwest Botswana. This area is called “The Louvre of the Desert”. The place has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site due in part to its spiritual and religious significance to the local people.

This is his one of the most famous facts about animals in Botswana. The country is home to some of the most majestic creatures on the African continent. Botswana is the largest elephant habitat. More than 130,000 elephants live within the borders of Botswana.

Botswana offers visitors a unique safari experience. In addition to regular wildlife safaris, Botswana also offers houseboat safaris.

A houseboat safari is a great way to explore the landscapes and waterways rich in African wildlife. Experience wildlife from the comfort of your boat.

You can relax and observe different wildlife in the water and on land at the same time. For nature lovers, this is a way to take advantage of nature. You can take pictures and feel nature to the fullest.