World History

Bolivia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Bolivia:

The oldest known ancient civilization in Bolivia is the Tiwanacan culture, which flourished around 2000 BC. It was located south of Lake Titicaca. They built a large city called Tiwanaku.

Thousands of years later, in the 15th century, the Inca Empire invaded Boliba. The Bolivians were the dominant culture until the arrival of the Spanish in his 1525. Bolivians lived under Spanish rule for almost 300 years, but declared independence in 1809. They fought Spain for another 16 years before becoming the Republic of Bolivia on August 6, 1825. The country is named after the great liberator and general Simon Bolivar.

But Bolivia was neither a strong nor a rich country. After a period when silver and tin were good exports, their governments were generally unstable and weak in the years that followed. In the late 19th century, it fought Chile in the Pacific War. They lost the war, they lost the coastal states. Bolivia is now a landlocked country.

The 20th century was a century of revolution and unrest for the nation of Bolivia. In the last 50 years there have been many changes in leadership, the nature of government, attempts at democracy, military coups, and much more.

Information about Bolivia:

Capital La Paz (adminstrative capital)
Population 12,415,316 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Santa Cruz, El Alto, La Paz, Cocha, Oruro, Sucre, Tarija, Potosí
Borders Peru to the northwest, Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina to the south and Chile to the west
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $43,068,885,673 (2022 worldometer)
Currency boliviano (BOB)

Flag of Bolivia:

Bolivia Economy Key Industries:

Bolivia Major Industries: mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing

Bolivia Agricultural Products: soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber

Bolivia Natural Resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

Bolivia Major Exports: natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin

Bolivia Major Imports: petroleum products, plastics, paper, aircraft and aircraft parts, prepared foods, automobiles, insecticides, soybeans

The Geography of Bolivia:

Total Size of Bolivia: 1.099 million km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Bolivia: Rio Paraguay 90 m

Geographical High Point of Bolivia: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m

Climate of Bolivia: varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

General Terrain of Bolivia: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

World Region or Continent of Bolivia:  South America

Geographical Coordinates: 17 00 S, 65 00 W

The People of  Bolivia & Culture

Bolivia Government Type: republic

Bolivia Nationality: Bolivian(s)

Bolivia National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 August (1825)

Bolivia Independence: 6 August 1825 (from Spain)

Bolivia National Symbol: llama; Andean condor

Bolivia National Anthem or Song: Cancion Patriotica (Patriotic Song)

Bolivia Languages Spoken: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)

Bolivia Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%

Interesting Facts about Bolivia:

In 2009, the country name of Bolivia was changed from “Republic of Bolivia” to “Bolivian Multinational State”.

Bolivia is a country in the central-western part of South America.

Prior to the Spanish conquest, Bolivia was part of the Inca Empire.

The total area of ​​Bolivia is 1,098,581 square kilometers.

Bolivia shares its northern and eastern borders with Brazil.

Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the northwest. Guinea pig is a national dish of Bolivia.

One of the most shocking facts about Bolivia is that guinea pigs are served here as a delicacy. Guinea pigs, which locals call cuy, are served as frites (fried), asado (grilled) or al horno (fried). Guinea pig meat is high in protein, low in fat and low in cholesterol. In terms of taste, it is comparable to rabbit and chicken.

Pink dolphins are native to Bolivia. Also known as the Bolivian Bufeo, these dolphins live in the Amazon. This species has been declared a natural heritage site of Bolivia.

Bolivia has 37 official languages. Includes Spanish and 36 indigenous languages. Until the 2009 constitution, only Aymara, Quechua and Spanish were officially recognized.

Bolivia is a landlocked country. It lost its territories on the Pacific coast after being defeated by Chile in the War of the Pacific (1879-1884). Nevertheless, Bolivia entered into agreements with neighboring countries to allow at least indirect access to the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Bolivia is the highest country in South America. It is also the most isolated country in the region. Bolivia is the only landlocked country in South America, along with Paraguay.

La Paz, Bolivia, is the highest administrative capital in the world. It houses the executive and legislative branches of government. Located 11,975 feet above sea level, La Paz has an airport and a population of about 2 million. Bolivia has multiple capitals. When you ask Bolivians about their capital city, La Paz, the center of government and financial center of the country, is still the main name that comes up. However, Sucre is the official capital of Bolivia.

Bolivia has the highest metropolitan city in the world. El Alto, Bolivia, is at an altitude of 4,150 m (13,615 ft) and has a population of 1,184,942 he. The definition of “large” is based on a population greater than 100,000.

The highest peak in Bolivia is Mount Sajama. The highest part of the Western Range is Mount Sajama with an altitude of 6,542 meters or he 21,463 feet.

The Oriental Mountains are his second system of the Andes Mountains. It remains to the east, but its northern part, the Real Mountains, or “Royal Mountains”, is near La Paz. The Oriental Mountains are an impressive array of snow-capped peaks, some over 6,100 meters or 20,000 feet.

Lake Puupo was once her second largest lake in Bolivia. Unfortunately, due to climate change, Lake Puupo has dried up. Its location lies at 12,000 feet above sea level in the Andean plains of Bolivia.

Bolivia has the tallest forests in the world. Bolivia’s Sajama National Park is located at an altitude of 3,900 meters.