World History

Bermuda | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Bermuda:

Bermuda is a fairly isolated group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean about 1050 miles east of the North Carolina coast. There are seven main islands and several smaller islands. The major islands are all so close that they are connected by bridges and are commonly referred to collectively as Bermuda.

These islands were first discovered by Jaune de Bermudez in 1503. Juan was a Spanish explorer and the island was named after him, but he never set foot on the island because the reef was dangerous.

Over 100 years later, in 1609, George Summers led a group of English settlers who were shipwrecked in Bermuda. They found the island uninhabited. They were stuck there for ten months. When they returned and told tales of the beautiful island, King James decided that he would add them to the charter of the Virginia Company in 1612. That same year, the city of St. George was founded by the first settlers from England. Today, St. George is the oldest continuously inhabited English-speaking settlement in the Western Hemisphere.

In 1620 Bermuda became an autonomous colony. Initially, some slaves were taken to Bermuda. In 1807 the slave trade was abolished and existing slaves were emancipated in 1834. As a result, more than half of Bermuda’s population is now of African descent.

Information about Bermuda:

Capital Hamilton
Population 64,049 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Hamilton (capital), Saint George, Stovel Bay, Cross Bay
Borders Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia Canada
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $7.55B (2022 Macrotrends)
Currency Bermudian dollar (BMD)

Flag of Bermuda:

Bermuda Economy Key Industries:

Bermuda Major Industries: international business, tourism, light manufacturing

Bermuda Agricultural Products: bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey

Bermuda Natural Resources: limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism

Bermuda Major Exports: reexports of pharmaceuticals

Bermuda Major Imports: clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals

The Geography of Bermuda:

Total Size of Bermuda: 53.2 km² (source: 2022 worlddata)

Geographical Low Point of Bermuda: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Bermuda: Town Hill 76 m

Climate of Bermuda: subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter

General Terrain of Bermuda: low hills separated by fertile depressions

World Region or Continent of Bermuda:  North America

Geographical Coordinates: 32 20 N, 64 45 W

The People of  Bermuda & Culture

Bermuda Government Type: parliamentary self-governing territory

Bermuda Nationality: Bermudian(s)

Bermuda National Holiday: Bermuda Day, 24 May

Bermuda Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Bermuda National Symbol: red lion

Bermuda National Anthem or Song: Hail to Bermuda

Bermuda Languages Spoken: English (official), Portuguese

Bermuda Religions: Anglican 23%, Roman Catholic 15%, African Methodist Episcopal 11%, other Protestant 18%, other 12%, unaffiliated 6%, unspecified 1%, none 14% (2000 census)

Interesting Facts about Bermuda:

Edward Van Winkle Jones was one of the first to write about the Bermuda Triangle.

George Sand wrote about the loss of several planes and ships in the Bermuda Triangle.

Flight 19 took off from a naval base in Florida on December 15, 1945, codenamed for his five Grumman Avenger bombers, but never returned.

Contact with the U.S. Navy was lost during routine navigation and combat training. The entire crew was never found again. Navy investigators were unable to determine the true cause of Flight 19’s loss.

Cyclops disappeared without a trace in the Bermuda Triangle. Returning from her voyage to Brazil, Cyclops disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle in early March 1918. Her ship sank somewhere between the Chesapeake Bay and Barbados. She could send an SOS distress call or a “Save the ship” signal, but she couldn’t. Despite an exhaustive search, no wreckage of the ship was found. Interestingly, more than 100 years later, its fate remains unknown.

The loss of the Star Tiger aircraft was also an unresolved incident in the Bermuda Triangle. The British airline British South American Airlines owned and operated the Star Tiger. The airliner disappeared without a trace in the North Atlantic on January 30, 1948, while flying between Santa Maria in the Azores and Bermuda. The loss of the plane further strengthened the mystical nature of the Bermuda Triangle.

Douglas DC 3’s disappearance occurred on his December 28, 1948. The Douglas DC 3 was a propeller-driven aircraft and he was one of the most reliable aircraft designed and built in the 1940s.

In 1967, a cabin cruiser named “Witchcraft” disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle. The “Witchcraft” was a 23-foot luxury yacht that set sail from Miami. On board were Captain Dan Black and his friend Father Patrick Hogan. After reaching shore, the captain called the Coast Guard and said the ship had hit something, but no major damage was done.

The Coast Guard immediately embarked on a rescue or towing of the Witchcraft. However, when she arrived at the scene, there was no sign that the ship had run aground or ever been there. More interestingly, the yacht was loaded with life jackets, lifeboats, flares, distress signals, and other rescue equipment, but none of them were used and the ship disappeared without a trace. be.

The Mystery of Carol A Deering is one of the most famous accidents in maritime history. The Carroll A. Deering was a huge freighter. It was 255 feet long, 44 feet wide and weighed 1,879 tons. The owner named the ship after his son. It was built in Bath, Maine for commercial purposes. Carol A. Deering worked for only a year before the mysterious Bermuda Triangle incident occurred.

The Carroll A. Deering is known as the “Ghost Ship”. On January 31, 1921, surfers found the Deering wrecked at Diamond Shoals off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, with all her crew missing. Two days before the ship was discovered, the crew reportedly shouted that the ship was sailing without anchor. To this day, speculation is rife that the entire crew has disappeared. There is still no clear explanation for this incident.

Methane hydrates may be the cause of ship disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle. Some researchers believe that the presence of methane hydrates (a type of natural gas) in the oceans may be responsible for their disappearance. Some laboratories have shown that foam can sink ships by reducing the density of water. Additionally, some studies have also shown that periodic explosions of methane can produce bubbly water that does not provide buoyancy.

Gargoyles and tornadoes may also be responsible for mysterious disappearances. Some gargoyles, or tornadoes, occur in the Bermuda Triangle, a phenomenon in which water from the ocean rises hundreds or even thousands of feet. In addition to tornadoes, strong water currents along the edge of the Bermuda Triangle can easily capsize ships. These waves can be hundreds of feet high and can cripple aircraft flying near the surface.

Magnetic phenomena in the Bermuda Triangle can also cause people to disappear. As mentioned above, the Bermuda He Triangle is one of the places on Earth where the compass points to true north (the true north pole) rather than magnetic north (the moving magnetic north pole). Some theories suggest that this phenomenon is why some captains and pilots complain that their compasses are not working properly and pointing in the wrong direction.

Some science fiction enthusiasts believe that the Bermuda Triangle is a “wormhole”.
Some of his sci-fi buffs believe that his Bermuda Triangle is like a “wormhole”, or a time machine connecting his two points in space-time. The wormhole’s existence has never been proven, but some people couldn’t help but associate it with the mysterious disappearance of ships and planes in the Bermuda Triangle.

Human error is a common scenario in the Bermuda Triangle. One of the most common explanations for the unusual disappearance of planes and ships in the Bermuda Triangle is human error. This can be confusing as there are several islands in the region that are difficult to distinguish. Pilot or captain disorientation or confusion can lead to catastrophic situations, such as running out of fuel before reaching shore.

Some meteorologists have studied the Bermuda Triangle to find the real reason for all these mysterious stories. Using satellite imagery, hexagonal clouds were found forming above the Bermuda Triangle. According to meteorologists, these cloud formations may be the root of some of the mysteries that plague the Bermuda Triangle.