World History

Barbados | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Barbados

History of Barbados:

In 1625, British sailors landed on the island of Barbados. They discovered an uninhabited island and claimed it for Britain. Where the sailors landed is now the town of Holetown. The first settlers from England arrived in 1627, two years after he arrived. They mainly established local councils to govern the British colonies. The main industry was sugar. The island was divided into large tracts of land called plantations.

Slaves were imported from Africa to work the sugar fields until the British Empire abolished slavery in her 1834. For most of the 20th century, the economy remained heavily dependent on the production of sugar, rum and molasses. Social and political reforms phased in in the 1940s and her 1950s led to full independence from Great Britain in 1966. In the 1990s, the economic importance of tourism and manufacturing surpassed that of the sugar industry.

Information about Barbados:

Capital Bridgetown
Population 282,039 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities BRIDGETOWN (capital), The Crane, Speightstown
Borders Martinique, and Saint Lucia to the northwest, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the west, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela to the southwest, and Guyana to the southeast
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $5,637,914,515 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Barbadian dollar (BBD)

Flag of Barbados:

Barbados Economy Key Industries:

Barbados Major Industries: tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export

Barbados Agricultural Products: sugarcane, vegetables, cotton

Barbados Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, natural gas

Barbados Major Exports: sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components

Barbados Major Imports: consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components

The Geography of Barbados:

Total Size of Barbados: 430 sq km (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Barbados: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Barbados: Mount Hillaby 336 m

Climate of Barbados: Tropical; rainy season (June to October)

General Terrain of Barbados: relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region

World Region or Continent of Barbados:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 13 10 N, 59 32 W

The People of Barbados & Culture

Barbados Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Barbados Nationality: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)

Barbados National Holiday: Independence Day, 30 November (1966)

Barbados Independence: 30 November 1966 (from UK)

Barbados National Symbol: Neptune’s trident

Barbados National Anthem or Song: The National Anthem of Barbados

Barbados Languages Spoken: English

Barbados Religions: Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other 12%

Interesting Facts about Barbados:

Popular singer and songwriter Rihanna was born on February 20, 1988 in Barbados.

Tiger Woods got married on the Caribbean island of Barbados to his Swedish girlfriend Elin Nordegren.

The people of Barbados are called Barbadians.

The British established a colony in Barbados in 1627 and began growing tobacco and cotton. However, in the 1640s he started a sugar plantation that brought him huge profits. Barbados is an island nation completely surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles (islands of North America).

The Bussa Rebellion (14–16 April 1816) was the largest slave rebellion in Barbados history. The uprising takes its name from the African-born slave Bussa, who led the uprising.

Sir Garfield Sobers was born in Bridgetown, Barbados. He is also one of the ten national heroes of Barbados.

His country name “Barbados” comes from the “bearded fig tree”.

Barbados became independent from Britain on November 30, 1966. This year (2016), the country celebrates its 50th anniversary of independence.

Barbados has her third oldest parliament in the world. It has been in operation since 1639. In 1846, Barbados had 491 sugar plantations and 506 windmills.

The oldest church in Barbados is St. James Parish Church.

The national flower of this country is called Pride of Barbados. The leaves of this flower are soaked in breast milk and given to crying babies to stop them from crying.

The Barbados Fertility Center, a fertility center in Barbados, has a higher success rate than fertility centers in the UK and the US. And the cost of treatment at this center is a third of what you would pay in the UK or the US. Barbados is one of the Caribbean’s most popular destinations.

The capital of Barbados, Bridgetown and its garrison are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The old town of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries is well preserved.

“Pride and Industry” is the national motto of Barbados.