World History

Aruba | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Aruba

History of Aruba:

Aruba was settled by the Kaketios Indians of the Arawak tribe in 1000 AD. The first European to discover Aruba was the Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda. He arrived in his 1499 and claimed Alba for Spain. However, in 1636 the Dutch took over. They ruled for about 200 years. During this period, the Napoleonic Wars brought the British to temporary control.

In 1986 Aruba separated from the Netherlands Antilles. It became an independent member of the King of the Netherlands. When Aruba decided to remain part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the country was on its way to full independence.

In the 19th century, the island experienced a gold rush. An oil refinery was also built here in 1924. Today the country is a tourist destination and much of its economy is based on tourism.

Information about Aruba:

Capital Oranjestad
Population 106,263 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities ORANJESTAD (capital)
Borders no land borders with any other country
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $2,610,038,939  (2020 worldometer)
Currency Aruban guilder/florin (AWG)

Flag of Aruba:

Aruba Economy Key Industries:

Aruba Major Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining

Aruba Agricultural Products: aloes; livestock; fish

Aruba Natural Resources: NEGL; white sandy beaches

Aruba Major Exports: live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment

Aruba Major Imports: machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs

The Geography of Aruba:

Total Size of Aruba: 180 km² (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Aruba: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Aruba: Mount Jamanota 188 m

Climate of Aruba: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

General Terrain of Aruba: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

World Region or Continent of Aruba:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 12 30 N, 69 58 W

The People of Aruba & Culture

Aruba Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Aruba Nationality: Aruban (s)

Aruba National Holiday: Flag Day, 18 March

Aruba Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Aruba National Symbol: Baird’s tapir (a large, browsing, forest-dwelling mammal); keel-billed toucan

Aruba National Anthem or Song: Aruba Deshi Tera (Aruba Precious Country)

Aruba Languages Spoken: Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish

Aruba Religions: Aruba Deshi Tera (Aruba Precious Country)

Interesting Facts about Aruba:

Aruba’s flag and official anthem, “Aruba Dushi Tera”, was adopted on March 18, 1976.

This island lies 24 miles north of Venezuela.

Alonso de Ojeda He was the first European to land on this island in 1499. Before Europeans ruled the island, the island (Aruba) was inhabited by indigenous peoples.

Aruba is famous for its white sand beaches.

The Aruba International Film Festival attracts filmmakers and film lovers from all over the world. This festival is known internationally.

Aruba has been declared a useless island due to its lack of natural resources, including precious metals.

In 108 years, from 1816 to 1924, the population of the island increased from a mere 1,732 he to 9,021 he. 9. Alba’s first chapel was built in 1750.

Every June, Aruba hosts the Hi-Winds Amateur World Challenge windsurfing tournament. Without a doubt, Aruba is one of the most popular spots in the world for windsurfing. 11. There are also many baseball fans on the island. This small country has also produced some of the world’s best athletes.

Aruba has people of over 90 nationalities in her. Therefore, you are more likely to meet people from your country when visiting this island nation.

In 1984, tourism became the mainstay of Aruba’s economy through consistent government efforts.

The country’s GDP more than doubled between 1987 and 1992 due to improved tourism. 15. Eighteen percent of Aruba’s land area is within Arikok National Park.

Four countries, including Aruba, form the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Her other three countries are Holland, Curacao and St. Martin.

Citizenship of Aruba citizens is Dutch, as well as citizenship of the other three countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Foreigners can acquire Dutch citizenship by marrying an Albanian (national marriage is called a ‘sham marriage’).

Fort Zoutmann is Aruba’s oldest building. Built in 1798 to protect Oranjestad from pirates.

Carnival is also an important holiday in Aruba.