World History

Algeria | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Algeria:

In ancient times Algeria was known as Numidia. The Numidians were known for their horse and cavalry mounted armies. Later they came to be called Berbers. Due to its location on the Mediterranean coast, Algeria has been part of several great empires in the Mediterranean throughout history. The country was once under the rule of the mighty Carthaginian Empire, but was later conquered by the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Arabs arrived in the 8th century and many Armenians converted to Islam. Although parts of the region have occasionally remained independent, the great empires of the Mediterranean have been an important part of Algeria’s history.

During the Middle Ages, Algeria was ruled by various tribes and Berber dynasties. The Spanish Empire arrived in the 15th century and occupied several cities and settlements. The Ottoman Empire intervened and soon Algeria became part of the Ottoman Empire.

France invaded Algeria in the 19th century. The battle was fierce and the country’s population was declining. However, many French people came to settle in Algeria. France ruled most of Algeria until her 20th century.

In the mid-20th century, Algerians revolted against French rule. The National Liberation Front (FLN) was formed in 1954 and began fighting France. Algeria gained independence in 1962 and over a million French fled the country. For many years the country was ruled by a single socialist party that almost amounted to a dictatorship. In the 1990s, civil war raged in Algeria. Even now, there are many protests in the country demanding freedom of expression and better living conditions.

Information about Algeria:

Capital Algiers
Population 45,725,328 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Algiers (capital), Boumerdas, Oran, Tébessa, Batna, Annaba, Setif, Biskra, Ghardaia, Blida
Borders East by Tunisia and Libya; to the south by Niger, Mali, and Mauritania; to the west by Morocco and Western Sahara
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $191,913,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Algerian dinar (DZD)

Flag of Algeria:

Algeria Economy Key Industries:

Algeria Major Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing

Algeria Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle

Algeria Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Algeria Major Exports: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%

Algeria Major Imports: capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

The Geography of Algeria:

Total Size of Algeria: 2.382 million km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Algeria: Chott Melrhir -40 m

Geographical High Point of Algeria: Tahat 3,003 m

Climate of Algeria: arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

General Terrain of Algeria: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

World Region or Continent of Algeria: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 28 00 N, 3 00 E

The People of  Algeria & Culture

Algeria Government Type: republic

Algeria Nationality: Algerian(s)

Algeria National Holiday: Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)

Algeria Independence:  5 July 1962 (from France)

Algeria National Symbol: star and crescent; fennec fox

Algeria National Anthem or Song: Kassaman (We Pledge)

Algeria Languages Spoken: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Algeria Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%

Interesting Facts about Algeria:

It is bordered by Tunisia (1,034 km) to the northeast, Libya (989 km) to the east, Niger (951 km) to the southeast, Mali (1,359 km) to the southwest and Mauritania (460 km). ) and kilometers west of Morocco (1,559 km). Algeria also borders the disputed Western Saharan Territory (41 km) to the west.

Located on the slopes of the Sahel Mountains in northern Algeria, the city stretches for 16 miles along the western side of the Gulf of Algiers in the Mediterranean Sea. A very beautiful city, Algiers is known for its wide French-style boulevards and elegant mansions, whitewashed medina and socialist-era monuments. Algiers is not only the capital, but also the political, economic and cultural center of the country.

Mount Tahat is the highest peak in Algeria. There is some debate about its height. Some sources put it at 2,908 m (9,541 ft) above sea level, while others put it at 3,008 m (9,852 ft).

Islam first reached Algeria in the early 8th century when the Muslim Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate conquered the country. However, it was not until his 10th century that Islam became the majority religion in Algeria. About 99% of Algeria’s population is Muslim, the majority of whom are Sunnis of the Maliki sect. The rest are small groups of Ahmadis, Shias and Ibadis.

Standard Arabic and Tamazic (Berber) are her two official languages ​​in Algeria. However, most Algerians use Algerian Arabic (Darya).

Algeria has abundant oil reserves and has been a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) since 1969.

Algeria produces large amounts of natural gas and is also the sixth largest gas exporter in the world.

This is one of the most random facts about Algeria. In addition to its large military budget, Algeria has the second-largest military in Africa, after Egypt.

The Twilight Fennec Fox is the smallest fox in the world. Native to the Sahara and Sinai Peninsulas, they are known for their disproportionately large ears.

The Algerian men’s national football team is popularly known as “Les Fennec” after the Fennec fox.