World History

Alexander the Great | Biography, Empire, Death, Accomplishments & Facts

Alexander the Great was a Macedonian or ancient Greek king. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history.

Alexander the Great Overview:

Full Name Alexander III of Macedon, Lord of Asia
Children Alexander IV of Macedon
Religion Ancient Greek religion
Occupation Military Commander and King of Ancient Greece
Born July 20, 356 BC Pella, Macedon
Died June 10, 323 BC Babylon
Best known for Conquering much of Asia and Europe

Biography of Alexander the Great

When did Alexander the Great live?

Alexander the Great was born on July 20, 356 BC. he is born He died at the young age of 32 in 323 BC. After accomplishing a lot in his short life. He ruled from 336 to 323 BC. as a king.

Childhood of Alexander the Great

Alexander’s father was Philip II, who built a powerful and united empire in ancient Greece, which Alexander inherited.

Like most aristocratic children of the time, Alexander was educated from childhood. He learned mathematics, reading and writing, and playing the lyre. He was also taught how to fight, ride and hunt. When Alexander turned thirteen, his father Philip II asked Alexander for the best possible teacher.

He hired the great philosopher Aristotle. In exchange for tutoring his son, Philip agreed to restore Aristotle’s hometown of Stageira and free many of its people from slavery.

At school, Alexander met many future generals and friends, including Ptolemy and Cassander. He also enjoyed reading the works of Homer, the Iliad, and the Odyssey.

Alexander’s Conquests

After taking the throne and ruling all of Greece, Alexander turned east to conquer more parts of the civilized world. He acted quickly and used his military genius to win battle after battle, conquer many peoples, and rapidly expand the Greek Empire.

Here is the order of his conquests:

First he traveled to Asia Minor and today’s Turkiye.

He captured Syria, defeated the Persians at Issus, and then laid siege to Tyre. He then conquered Egypt and established Alexandria as its capital.

After Egypt came Babylonia and Persia, including the city of Susa.

He then traveled through Persia and began preparations for an expedition to India.

By this time Alexander had built one of the greatest empires in history. But his soldiers were ready to revolt. They wanted to go home to see their wives and children. Alexander agreed and his army turned back.

Death of Alexander

Alexander only returned to Babylon, where he suddenly fell ill and died. No one knows how he died, but many suspect he drank poison. After his death, the great empire he built was divided by his generals known as the Diadochi. The Diadochi eventually fought one another over the years as the empire crumbled.

Interesting Facts about Alexander the Great

His father’s side is said to be related to the Greek hero Hercules, and his mother’s side to Achilles.

When Alexander was 16, his father left the country to go to war, leaving Alexander as regent or temporary ruler of Macedonia.

As a child, he domesticated a wild horse named Bucephalus. He was his workhorse until he died of old age.

Alexander named an Indian city after his horse.

He never lost a battle.

Legend has it that the Temple of Artemis burned down on the day of Alexander’s birth because Artemis was busy attending the birth.

His best friend and lieutenant was General Hephaestion.