World History

Africa | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Africa:

The African continent faces the southern half of the Mediterranean Sea. It faces the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Africa stretches well south of the equator, and with an area of ​​more than 12 million square miles, she is her second largest continent in the world. Africa is also her second most populous continent in the world. Africa is one of the most diverse places on earth, with a wide variety of topography, wildlife and climates.

Africa is home to some of the world’s greatest civilizations, including ancient Egypt, which ruled for over 3,000 years and built the Great Pyramids. Other civilizations include the Mali Empire, the Songhai Empire, and the Kingdom of Ghana. Africa is also home to some of the oldest human tools, and perhaps the world’s oldest ethnic group, the San people of southern Africa. Some of the world’s fastest growing economies (2019 GDP) now come from Africa, with the two largest economies in Africa being Nigeria and South Africa.

Information about Africa:

Population 1,466,556,473 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Johannesburg, Lagos, Cairo, Nairobi, Cape Town, Luanda, Addis Ababa, Kinshasa, Durban, South Africa, 
Borders By the west the Atlantic Ocean, on the north the Mediterranean Sea, on the east the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $2.99 trillion (2022 wikipedia)

The Geography of Africa:

Total Size of Africa: 30.3 million km2 (source: wikipedia)

Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Guinea

Major Rivers and Lakes of Africa: Nile River, Niger River, Congo River, Zambezi River, Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa

Major Geographical Features of Africa: Sahara Desert, Kalahari Desert, Ethiopian Highlands, Serengeti grasslands, Atlas Mountains, Mount Kilimanjaro, Madagascar Island, Great Rift Valley, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa

World Region or Continent: Africa

Ranking of Africa: It is the second largest and second most populous continent.

Major Biomes of Africa: desert, savanna, rain forest

Countries of Africa

Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the
Cote d’Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mayotte
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Saint Helena
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Eswatini (Swaziland)
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Interesting Facts about Africa:

The highest mountain in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895m. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti, at 153 meters above sea level.

Algeria is the largest country in Africa and Seychelles is the smallest. The most populous country is Nigeria.

The largest lake in Africa is Lake Victoria, and the longest river is the Nile, which is also the longest river in the world.

Africa is rich in diverse wildlife such as elephants, penguins, lions, cheetahs, seals, giraffes, gorillas, crocodiles and hippos. African languages ​​are diverse, with over 1000 languages ​​spoken across the continent.