The North Pole is situated precisely beneath Polaris, the North Star, in the Arctic Ocean, at the northernmost point on Earth. It is a moving mass of water and ice that drifts, melts ice, and experiences cyclones. This area has ten-foot-thick ice, while the water underneath is over 13,000 feet deep! The North Pole is shared by five nations, three of which are in the Arctic Circle, and is situated in international waters. No nation claims the North Pole. Let’s find out which eight nations are closest to the North Pole!
Kaffesklubben Island is the one that is closest to the North Pole. This frozen area is a part of Greenland, an independent Danish island that is located close to the northernmost point of the island.
Despite being deserted and only 443 miles from the North Pole, lichens, liverworts, mosses, saxifrage, and arctic poppies thrive there thanks to the polar temperature. Coffee Club Island, also known as Kaffeskulbben Island, is only 2,300 feet long and 980 feet broad, but it has a lake on it that was created by rains following glacier retreat 3,000 years ago. It is the northernmost lake in the world.
Lauge Koch, a Danish adventurer, gave it its peculiar name in 1921 and called it after the Mineralogical Museum’s coffee club in Copenhagen.
Ellesmere Island, the northernmost island in Canada, is located in Nunavut, the country’s largest and most northern territory; nonetheless, Cape Columbia, located less than 500 miles from the North Pole, is the country’s most northerly point. Ellesmere Island is surrounded by huge mountain ranges and fjords. These mountains are actually among the highest in North America because of their height.
Although there isn’t much population in Nunavut, the northern part of Ellesmere Island is home to the military installation known as Alert. As a result, Canada is the nation with the closest population to the North Pole.
650 kilometres separate Svalbard from the North Pole. It is an archipelago of Norway that is positioned midway between the North Pole and the Kingdom of Norway. It is still an unorganised area and is run by a governor. The mainly unspoiled terrain of Svalbard is dominated by seven national parks and other wildlife reserves.
Primarily made up of glaciers, the Svalbard is home to polar bears, reindeer, seagulls, and arctic foxes. The Svalbard became well-known thanks to author Phillip Pullman’s “His Dark Materials” trilogy. It was home to Iorek Byrnison, the polar bear king.
Alaska, United States
Alaska’s northern Arctic Ocean coastline zones are situated in close proximity to the North Pole. Point Barrow, located on Alaska’s North Slope and 1,300 miles from the pole, is really the most northern point of North America and one of the closest locations.
There is a lot of life here, despite its closeness to the pole. It’s an arctic wilderness of national parks with caribou, polar bears, wolves, musk ox, and resilient seabirds scattered throughout, along with native Alaskans. The boundaries of Alaska’s road network are Deadhorse and Prudhoe Bay. After that, it’s either sledding or seaplane.
Cape Fligely on Rudolf Island is only 566 miles from the North Pole. This Russian island is the northernmost point of Russia and is a component of the Franz Josef Archipelago. Nearly all of it is covered in glaciers, and Teplitz Bay served as the launchpad for numerous arctic missions.
Russia has staked a symbolic claim to the Lomonosov Ridge by planting a titanium flag on the ocean floor beneath the North Pole. Although the Arctic Circle has billion-dollar fossil fuel potential, no neighbouring nation is permitted to take resources beyond than 200 miles from its coast.
Sweden is located in the Arctic Circle but is not one of the nations that encircle the North Pole. Though it seems far away at 1,934 miles, the northern portions are close enough to experience a subarctic climate.
Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, having extensive areas of forested areas and woods; its capital is Stockholm. Norrbotten’s northernmost section is situated inside the Arctic Circle. A third of Sweden is Norrbotten, which is home to Swedish Lapland. Here, native Sami people herd more than 250,000 reindeer in addition to moose, roe deer, brown bears, lynxes, and grey wolves.
In actuality, Iceland is 3,118 miles away from the North Pole, despite its name! A number of Icelandic islands are located near the Arctic Circle, despite the fact that Iceland’s mainland does not. The northernmost inhabited area of Iceland is Grimsey Island. The northernmost point is on Kolbeinsey Island. Situated within the Arctic Circle are both islands.
Because Iceland is located on a geological rift, geysers and volcanic explosions are common there. The island of Kolbeinsey is made of basalt and has nearly completely eroded. There are about fifty people living next to a colony of puffins on Grimsey Island, which is only 20 miles off the northern coast of Iceland. There are no plants or animals on the island.
Lapland, which makes up one-third of Finland, is located inside the Arctic Circle. About 3,607 miles separate it from the North Pole.
Finland is a country in northern Europe with Helsinki serving as its bustling capital. Lapland, the region north of the North Pole, is home to the Sami people and reindeer. More than thirty percent of Lapland is protected by the Finnish government as national parks.