7 Countries That Border India

With 1.4 billion people living there, India is the most populated nation on Earth. India is a country in Southeast Asia with New Delhi as its capital. Owing to its vastness, India exhibits regional variations in terrain, temperature, and geography. While there are mountainous, cooler regions in India’s north, the country’s south is more plain and tropical, with hotter temperatures.

India borders seven countries due to its large size. Let’s take a look at the seven countries that border India in 2024.


Afghanistan is a Middle Eastern country that shares a northwest border with India. The majority of Afghanistan is a hilly nation with numerous rivers running through it. The country’s southern parts may experience a dry environment, although the mountainous areas experience a continental climate. India and Afghanistan share a disputed boundary. Despite the short distance of about 66 miles (106 kilometers), India recognizes the boundary with Afghanistan since it claims the Kashmir area. However, India, Pakistan, and China are currently engaged in a territorial conflict over the Kashmir area.


Bangladesh is an expansive nation in South Asia that borders India to the northeast. Bangladesh is a varied country in terms of geography and climate, home to one of the biggest mangrove ecosystems on Earth. India and Bangladesh no longer have a territorial dispute because they just came to an agreement through a signed agreement in 2015.


Bhutan is a small nation in South Asia that shares a northeastern border with India. With 800,000 people living there, the nation’s capital is Thimpu. The temperature of the country varies from extremely cold to subtropical, and it is highly mountainous. Unlike India’s other neighbors, Bhutan and India share a free and open border free from disagreements and conflicts.


China is one of the most powerful nations in the world, home to 1.4 billion people. Due to its size, China features a variety of climates, including semiarid, subtropical, and mountainous. China is currently ruled by a communist regime that has ruled the nation since the 1940s. Although China and India have a number of territorial disputes, such as the one that India shares with Pakistan in Kashmir, their primary border is in the northwest of India, where Tibet is located.

Burma, or Myanmar

Myanmar, sometimes known as Burma, is a country in eastern India that is bordered by Bangladesh and has 57 million people living there. Geographically, Myanmar is a varied nation with plains and valleys in its southern region. Its climate is tropical and monsoon-like. There are currently no border issues between India and Myanmar, despite sharing a 1,021-mile (1,643-kilometer) boundary. The Assam Rifles of Myanmar and the Indian Army both patrol the border.


Nepal, a country bordered by mountains and interspersed with forested areas, is situated to the north of India. Nepal features a variety of climates, including arctic, temperate, and subtropical regions. Although there are two boundary disputes between Nepal and India—the Kalapani and Susta territories—their existing border is open and unrestricted.


With a population of 241.5 million, Pakistan is one of the most populous countries in the world. It is situated in India’s western region. Pakistan’s topography is diversified, including plains, mountains, forests, and deserts among its topographical features. India and Pakistan are embroiled in a border dispute that spans 2,060-miles (3,310-kilometers).Their relationship has never been good in the past.

India Information
Capital: New Delhi
Population: 1.4 billion
Currency: Rupee
Official Languages: Hindi and English
President: Droupadi Murmu
Prime Minister: Narendra Modi

In summary

In 2024, Afghanistan (disputed), Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan would all border India. India is confronted with a number of obstacles in the twenty-first century, including widespread poverty, widespread corruption, and grave environmental threats from climate change. India is establishing itself as a rising global leader. It will take time to determine India’s future course.