Generally speaking, Birman cats are thought to be fairly healthy. Their lifespan, which is longer than that of most other cat breeds, is 12 to 16 years. That does not imply that they are impervious to health issues, though. Like any other cat, a Birman may experience health issues at any point in their life.
The following are some of the most typical health issues with Birman cats that you should be aware of:
1. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Felines
Among heart conditions that affect cats most frequently is this one. It has an impact on the cardiac muscles’ thickening. A cat’s heart becomes less efficient at pumping blood as its walls grow. The cat begins to breathe quickly, becomes lethargic, and can even start losing weight.
All breeds, even Birman cats, are prone to this illness. It can be mostly avoided by careful breeding, although it is not infallible. Consequently, feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can strike any cat.
Fortunately, medicine is an effective way to treat this disease. Early diagnosis is crucial, though.
2. The hemophile
A dangerous clotting condition is hemophilia. In other words, it makes the cat’s blood not clot properly, which results in profuse bleeding. As you can expect, in certain circumstances, this might be fatal.
Hemophilia is fortunately quite uncommon. It does appear to happen more frequently in Birman cats than in other breeds, though. Given that it’s inherited, this makes logical.
This illness has no known treatment. Nevertheless, early intervention after injury and extra caution during surgery might help avoid difficulties if you know your cat has it.
3. Disease of Polycystic Kidneys
Once more, this illness affects a wide variety of breeds. Birman cats experience it in the same way. While it doesn’t occur in Birman cats as often as other cat breeds, they can nonetheless acquire it.
Cats with polycystic kidney disease develop kidney cysts. These cysts eventually enlarge and cause renal failure. It isn’t curable. Genetic testing, however, can detect carriers and stop kittens from acquiring it. For this reason, it’s crucial to only buy kittens from reputable breeders.
Hypotrichosis, in contrast to most other disorders on this list, is not fatal. Hair thinning and loss are caused by a hereditary disease. Baldness is an eventuality for many cats. Some cats, on the other hand, will get this illness and scarcely shed a hair.
In any case, affected cats usually don’t seem too disturbed and have a regular lifespan. However, because of their sensitive skin, they usually require the same care as a hairless cat. This calls for lotion, sunscreen, and bathing.
Though not nearly as serious as other medical diseases, it does require a little more attention.
5. Eye Issues
Birman cats can be prone to cataracts, eyelid agenesis, and corneal sequestration. These ailments are not specific to Birman cats; they are prevalent in a wide variety of cat breeds. However, ocular issues are among the most prevalent health disorders that cats can have.
It’s critical to have routine eye exams for your cat from your veterinarian. The majority of these illnesses can either be fully cured or at least controlled. Early diagnosis is crucial, though.
6. Infection in Felines The condition of tendonitis
FIP is a contagious viral illness that has no known treatment. Younger cats are more likely to experience it, but this is because there is no known cure. There are numerous strains of this illness, and some are more dangerous than others. Ten percent of strains are lethal, and the remaining ninety percent are entirely benign.
Nowadays, between 50 and 90 percent of cats will develop a FIP infection of some kind, although the majority of those cats won’t exhibit any symptoms. Certain breeds of cats, like Birman cats, are more likely to experience problematic FIP. Cats with comparable ancestry, such as Himalayans, are also vulnerable.
FIP is more common in multi-cat households and among stressed cats and felines. The precise mechanism underlying this is unknown, however genetic elements are suspected to be involved.
7. Common Illnesses in Cats
In addition, Birman cats are more likely to contract dental problems and urinary tract infections than other prevalent feline ailments. Even though these ailments are unique to the Birman breed, you should be aware of them if you own a cat of any type.
Maintaining your cat’s health requires routine veterinary treatment. Additionally, keep an eye out for any odd habits in your Birman, like frequent hiding and inappropriate peeing. Because cats are known for being excellent at hiding their illnesses, these might be the only indications of a sickness you receive.