One of the most fascinating bodies of water in the world is the Caspian Sea. This sea’s distinctiveness is very remarkable. It has a fascinating history in addition to being home to a wide variety of marine species. However, there have been territorial conflicts with the nations that border the Caspian Sea. There are several explanations for this, among them being the sea’s abundant supply of natural gas and oil, which is quite profitable for a nation. The Caspian Sea has boosted the economies of many nations and made sure that the rich and famous receive their prized caviar.
However, the query we pose to ourselves is: Which nations border the Caspian Sea? Now, let’s examine the five nations that encircle the sea and discuss each one’s claims to it in further detail.
With 884 miles of shoreline, Kazakhstan possesses the most of the 3,000 miles of Caspian coastline. The nation’s shoreline is home to popular tourist spots and seaside hotels. The neighbouring nations have profited from the estimated 3.4 billion long tonnes of oil and 88 billion cubic feet of gas that are believed to be present in the Caspian Sea. Even though Kazakhstan only maintains three refineries on its territory, the nation has six billion long tonnes of oil resources in addition to the Caspian Sea. Kazakhstan’s maritime boundaries with neighbouring nations are guarded by naval vessels as well.
Turkmenistan is the nation having the second-longest Caspian coastline. In addition to housing military vessels in the Caspian seas, Iran possesses a number of offshore oil reserves. An agreement to build an oil field along the borders of both countries in the Caspian Sea was signed in 2021 by Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. There are 60 million tonnes of oil and reserves in the combined oil field. The tourist area of Awaza was also established by Turkmenistan. Although increasing tourism along the Caspian coast was the intention, the number of visitors has not changed significantly. Additionally, ships connect Turkmenistan’s cities with those of the neighbouring nations.
Of the five countries bordering the sea, Azerbaijan, which is situated in the southern Caucasus area, has the third-longest Caspian coastline. Every river and lake in the nation empties into the Caspian Sea, which is a part of its basin. Azerbaijan has abundant natural gas and oil resources. Moreover, the nation possesses almost 20% of the oil resources in the Caspian Sea. Of course, this has had a negative environmental impact on the sea. Azerbaijan is the starting point of various pipelines that transport oil from the Caspian Sea to other nations. Finally, Azerbaijan has made marketing investments to promote the nation and its Caspian shoreline to travellers.
Russia, one of the biggest nations on earth, has hundreds of kilometres of coastline that borders the Caspian Sea. But a large portion of its economy is dependent on the Caspian Sea’s abundant natural gas and oil reserves, as well as the production of caviare. In the world’s caviar production rankings, Russia is among the top producers. A number of oil fields are also dispersed over the nation’s portion of the ocean. Despite being severely damaged in terms of tourism due to the Russia-Ukraine War, the nation’s Caspian Sea coastline has long offered visitors beautiful beaches and exciting water sports.
Iran borders the Caspian Sea to the north. Caspian Hyrcanian woodlands close to the Caspian Sea’s coast define the topography of this part of the nation. This results in a breathtaking landscape that is simple for travellers to adore. Additionally, the Caspian coast of Iran offers lucrative tourist. Iran has no significant offshore oil fields, although it does have gas fields on the Caspian Sea. The nation’s marine industry produces a significant amount of caviar.
These are the five nations that border the Caspian Sea, so there you have it. Each of the nations encircling this lovely water is unique. They have resolved their disagreements notwithstanding their prior arguments. This has made sure that financial issues such as oil drilling and the manufacturing of caviare are dispersed and shared as efficiently as feasible. Being more ecologically friendly is the most important issue they need to cooperate on in order for the Caspian Sea to flourish.