Essay

15 Largest and Most Iconic Waterfalls in Africa

Today’s topic is one of the fifteen massive, well-known waterfalls on the African continent. For the inhabitants of Africa, waterfalls are symbols of life, with boundless beauty and strength. A few of the included waterfalls are well-known for their width or height. There are legends surrounding several of the notable waterfalls that explain how their names came to be and which aspects of nature they personify. A map showing some of the nearby waterfalls may be useful when travelling in Africa. There are several waterfalls that have received national recognition as well. There are several national state parks with names derived from the falls.

Types of Waterfalls

Twelve distinct kinds of waterfalls exist. How they are categorised depends on their unique attributes, which include height, flow volume, and the existence of a plunge pool. Remember that today’s features include numerous examples of diverse kinds of waterfalls.

1 Victoria Falls

Africa’s greatest waterfall is called Victoria Falls, after Queen Victoria, which the British dubbed it. Its combined dimensions are 1088 metres (354 feet) in height and 1708 metres (5,604 feet) in breadth. This waterfall is recognised as one of the world’s seven natural wonders. When you go, try to find a “Moonbow.” a rare and exceptional occurrence that produces a lunar rainbow.

2 Tugela Falls

South Africa is home to Tugela Falls. With a total water drop of 948 metres (3110 ft) from the top of the Drakensberg Mountains, it is among the tallest waterfalls in the world.

3 Gurara Falls

Although Gurara Falls is not the largest waterfall, it is nonetheless noteworthy because it reaches a height of about 30 metres (98 ft). In 1745, the waterfall was discovered. Its name combines the names of two gods, Gura and Rara. Additionally, the Nigerian people used the Gurara Falls as a place to make offerings to the falls in exchange for the answers to their prayers. The waterfall was turned into a recreation area in 1925 and has remained thus ever since.

4 Howick Falls

The steep drop of this waterfall is roughly 94 metres (310 feet). KwaNogqaza, which means “Place of the Tall One,” is the name given to the falls. Enjoy a visit to the residence of many crowned eagles and listen to the sounds of forceful rushing water. An intriguing and unforgettable excursion is the tale of a beast resembling a serpent that is said to exist in the basin under the falls.

5 Blue Nile Falls

The height of Blue Nile Falls, which is situated in Ethiopia, is estimated to be 42 metres (138 feet). This three-prong waterfall is known locally as “Tis Abay,” which translates to “Great Smoke.” Visiting the falls in the rainy season, which runs from June to early September, is particularly stunning.

6 Lumangwe Falls

A tiny rainforest on the Kalungwishi River is supported by Lumangwe Falls, which has a water drop of around 30 to 40 metres (98 to 131 feet) and a breadth of more than 160 metres (525 feet). This waterfall’s name is derived from the spirit of Lumangwe, a snake. It is reported to have spanned the African region between the Lumangwe and Kabwelume Falls.

7 Kundalila Falls

Zambia is a stunning location to take in the scenery and waterfalls.The water flow at Kundalila Falls dips by about thirty metres (98 ft). It means “crying dove” to the local Bema, who are indigenous people of Zambia.Zambia is an excellent destination for both twitchers (birdwatchers) and aquaphiles.

8 Karuru Falls

Within Aberdare National Park is the stunning Karuru Waterfall. With three water drops, this massive and recognisable waterfall is among Kenya’s tallest and highest. With a water drop that is roughly 117 metres (384 feet) high, it is not only one of the tallest contenders, but it is also the lowest at 26 metres, and the highest at 130 metres (427 feet) to the plunge pool.

9 Kalambo Falls

Because of its height, the captivating Kalambo Falls is one of Africa’s biggest and most recognisable waterfalls. As a result, the water falls 221 metres (725 feet) in a single, unbroken stream into a valley below and then continues on into Lake Tanganyika. In addition, a significant archaeological site was just discovered, which is an intriguing find.

10 Murchison Falls

Uganda’s Murchison Falls National Park is home to Murchison Falls. This is a highly-liked location for seeing wildlife as well. It is also impossible for tourists to overlook the fact that the river passes through a slender gorge that is only 7 metres (23 feet) wide. Most significantly, it plunges into the Devil’s Cauldron after falling 43 metres (141 feet). Nearly 187 million litres of water are deposited over the cliff face of this famous waterfall every minute due to its powerful water flow.

11 Kalandula Falls

Calandula, Angola is home to Kanlandula Falls. At 105 metres (344 feet) in height and 396 metres (300 feet) in width, it has a proud presence. It’s a waterfall with numerous falls that has a horseshoe shape. A cataract is, by definition, a big, strong waterfall with several steps that are all about the same size and have separate plunge pools that are submerged. It is at its most spectacular from February to April, when the rainy season is coming to a close. Swimming is permitted in the bottom pool as well.

12 Maletsunyane Falls

The Maletsunyane Falls in Lesotho are a natural V-shaped waterfall that cascades over a 192-meter (630-foot) precipice in green, rolling rocks. The waterfall is visible from above. It is among Africa’s tallest waterfalls with a single plunge. Not to be overlooked is the folklore that claims the echo caused by the falling water is actually the mourning of those who have lost their lives in the falls. Nearby Semonkong Lodge offers guided walks to the falls.

13 Wli Falls

Ghana is home to Wli Falls, which is 80 metres (262 ft) high. April through October is the ideal time to go. There are natural swimming pools at the basins if you would like to go swimming. Agumatsa Wildlife Sanctuary, which has a colony of wild fruit bats, is a benefit for those who enjoy the outdoors. The surrounding area is a birder’s paradise, with over 200 kinds of birds.

14 Bridal Veil Falls

The greatest spot to get your feet wet is at Bridal Veil Falls, which is located in South Africa and rises to a height of 70 metres (230 ft). Still, there’s the difficult trek to the falls to take into account. Travellers claim it is worthwhile. Sabie, a little village, is about six kilometres distant.

15 Magwa Falls

Nestled neatly in a tight canyon, Magwa Falls is one of the highest waterfalls in South Africa. It’s also one of the least frequented. It features a transparent pool at the bottom and a water drop that is roughly 144 metres (472 feet) tall.

Highlights of the Featured African Waterfalls

Victoria Falls Border between Zambia/Zimbabwe
Tugela Falls KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa
Gurara Falls Niger State, North Central Nigeria
Howick Falls KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa
Blue Nile Falls West Gojjam, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Lumangwe Falls Northern Zambia
Kundalila Falls Central Province
Karuru Falls East Africa (Inside Aberdare National Park, 180 kilometers from Nairobi, Kenya)
Kalambo Falls Northern Province – forms the border between Zambia and Tanzania
Murchison Falls Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) north-western Uganda
Kalandula Falls Calandula, Malanje Province, Angola
Maletsunyane Falls Lesotho in South Africa
Wli Falls Ghana
Bridal Veil Falls Sabie, Mpumalanga in South Africa
Magwa Falls Eastern Cape Province in South Africa