15 Countries That Have States in 2024

When nations are first established or reconstructed, a small group of people determine many things, including the nation’s constitution. The administrative divisions of their nation were also established by these founding founders. Every nation on the planet has a unique administrative structure. Some nations have states identical to the United States, some have autonomous communities similar to Spain, and some have provinces similar to Canada. Let’s examine the fifteen nations that are home to states.


There are six federated states in Australia. Western Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and New South Wales are among them. There are ten federal territories in the nation. With 8.1 million residents, New South Wales has the most people among the six states, while Tasmania has the fewest people, with only 541,000. Tasmania is the smallest state in terms of area, whereas Western Australia is the largest.


There exist nine states that comprise the Federal Republic of Austria. Upper Austria, Lower Austria, Vienna, Salzburg, Carinthia, Tyrol, Styria, Burgenland, and Vorarlberg are among them. The federal states have a federal state government, a federal state parliament, and an elected legislature. Every five years, elections are held in each state; in upper Austria, they occur every six years. The most populous state, Vienna, has dual characteristics as a city.


There are 26 states and one federal district in all of Brazil. With 46.3 million residents, Sao Paulo has the highest population, while Roraima has the lowest, with only 708,000. Brazil’s constitution and each state government outline the various levels of autonomy that each state enjoys. The federal district is not separated into several municipalities, although it possesses the same authority as every state.


Berlin, Hamburg, and Bremen are three of the 16 state-units that make up Germany. North Rhine-Westphalia, the state with the largest population (17.9 million), is centered in Dusseldorf. 1949 saw the creation of North Rhine-Westphalia following World War II. With 663,000 residents, Bremen is the city-state with the fewest people. After Germany was reunited in 1990, five new states were formed to form East Germany.


India is made up of eight union territories in addition to 28 states. With 199.8 million residents, Uttar Pradesh has the most population, while Sikkim has the lowest population (610,000). In 1947, several of the states that had been a part of India’s British Empire were abolished and reorganized as new states. 1951 saw a reorganization that resulted in the creation of new states. Up until the year 2000, the concept of new states persisted.


Nine of the thirteen federal states that make up Malaysia are monarchy. They were formerly Malay kingdoms, which explains why they are monarchies. They have an inherited monarch and are today referred to as the Malay States. With 6.5 million residents, Selangor has the highest population, while Perlis has the lowest population (250,000).


Mexico is made up of 31 states and Mexico City, which is a federal entity. With 17.1 million residents, Mexico is the most populous of the 32 federal entities, and Baja California Sur is the least populous state. While each state has the authority to make choices on its own in some areas, other subjects are the province of the federal government. Mexico City is separated into boroughs, but each state is divided into municipalities.

The Micronesian Islands

The island nation, officially known as the Federated States of Micronesia, is divided into four states. Then, municipalities and cities are separated inside each state. Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap are the four states that make up Micronesia. With 54,000 people living in its capital city of Kolonia, Pohnpei is the most populous state. Additionally, with only 7,000 residents, Kosrae is the state with the lowest population.


There are seven regions, seven states, five self-administered zones, one union territory, and one self-administered division that make up the nation of Myanmar. In the 2008 Constitution, these divisions were established. The state or regional government is headed by the chief minister. The chief minister of Myanmar is chosen by the president. Every state or area has a state legislature as well. Townships and districts are located beneath each state or area.


Lagos State is the most populated of Nigeria’s 36 states. The population of Lagos State is 9.4 million. Furthermore, with 1.7 million residents, Bayelsa State has the lowest population of any state. With some authorities granted to each state and others to the federal government, each state has a varying degree of semi-autonomy. Abuja, the capital of Nigeria, is situated in a Federal Capital Territory. There are a total of 774 local governments, one under each state.


There are sixteen areas in the island nation of Palau that the locals refer to as states. Despite the fact that there are 20,000 individuals in the nation, the numbers in each state differ. Some of them—like Hatohobei—may just have 25 residents, whereas Koror, the state with the largest population, has 11,444 individuals. There is a state legislature and a tribe chiefdom in every state. Hamlets are further subdivided into each state.

The Somali Republic

Six states make up the republic of Somalia. Every state has a number of independent affairs, and some are solely under the jurisdiction of the federal government. Additionally, each state is separated into eighteen administrative regions. Districts are created by further subdividing those regions. Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubaland, Puntland, South West, and Somaliland are the six states that make up Somalia. South West and Hirshabelle, the two newest states, were established in November 2014 and October 2016, respectively.

South Sudan

Ten states, two administrative regions, and one area with special administrative status make up the nation of South Sudan. Following the conclusion of the South Sudanese Civil War in February 2020, the peace accord delineated the states and respective borders of each. Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Lakes, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Warrap, Western Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Central Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile are among the 10 states that make up South Sudan.


Thirteen states, the initial colonies possessed by Great Britain, made up the founding of the United States. The United States finally comprised 50 states as a result of its gradual territorial expansion. There are some things that each of the 50 states is in charge of, but other things are left to the federal government. Every state government consists of a legislative branch, a court system, and an elected governor. Wyoming has the least population, while California has the largest.


Venezuela is composed of twenty-three states, or estados as they are known in Spanish. The nation also has one contested territory and other federal dependencies. Venezuela and Guyana both claim Guayana Esequiba, however Guyana is the only one in control of it. Additionally, each state is separated into regions.