13 Countries That May Be Too Hot for People by 2050

Winter may be the season when you question whether global warming is a terrible thing, depending on where you live! However, the combination of intense heat and humidity in the nations we’re about to visit will definitely pose a serious threat to human life. Thus, these are a few of the actual “hot spots” where warming due to climate change is predicted to occur by 2050.

How Were These Determined?

In recent decades, heatwaves have been hotter, longer, and more common. Young, healthy people can withstand extended heatwaves of up to 88 °F (31 °C) and 100% relative humidity without the need for a cooling source like air conditioning, according to research from Penn State University. Sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and East Asia are the areas most likely to see persistently hotter weather than this by 2050, assuming a projected 2 degrees of global warming. We have chosen the nations that are expected to experience the greatest sustained temperatures—above the boundaries of human endurance—based on the Penn State analysis.

13. India

With 17% of the world’s population residing there, India is the most populated nation. It is particularly susceptible to the effects of climate change because of its population and topography. Over the last century, India has had an increase in temperature of 1.3 °F (0.7 °C).

12. Pakistan

Pakistan and India are neighbours on the Indian subcontinent, and both countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In 2022, the nation was hit by devastating floods that destroyed crops, homes, and infrastructure, affecting over 30 million people.

11. Bangladesh

Bangladesh is among the nations most susceptible to climate change in the globe, according to climate specialists. Its topography, high population density, and extreme poverty make it particularly susceptible to flooding. The great majority of people in the world are employed in subsistence agriculture, so high temperatures will raise the risk of illness for millions of people.

10. China

China is the biggest carbon dioxide emitter in the world, primarily due to its extensive coal use. China’s economic policy is having an impact on it. 2023 was the hottest year ever recorded. The temperature grew by 0.43 °F (0.24 °C) every decade between 1951 and 2017, which is faster than the global trend.

9. Chad

In the ensuing decades, Chad, a country in Central Africa, is expected to experience significant drought and increased heat. There, there is erratic rainfall that alternates between droughts and floods. Regretfully, these circumstances are perfect for breeding excessive numbers of locusts, which swarm during dry years in quest of food. Due to rising heat and deserts in the north, people have been migrating further south.

8. Niger

Instead of residing in the barren Sahara in the north, the majority of Niger’s 24 million inhabitants are found in the southern portion of the nation. Extreme poverty affects half of the population of the nation, and it is exacerbated by natural calamities like flooding, droughts, and locust plagues. Given that Niger’s temperatures during the past 20 years have been among the warmest in the world, climate change has had a significant impact on the nation.

7. Mali

Mali is a sizable nation in the African West. The Niger and Senegal rivers provide water to it. Despite the fact that only 14% of the nation’s land is suitable for farming, agriculture accounts for almost 50% of Mali’s GDP. Mali is prone to natural disasters caused by unstable weather patterns, desertification, and rising temperatures because the majority of its land is located in the arid Sahel area and the Sahara.

6. Saudi Arabia

Despite having some of the greatest petroleum reserves in the world, Saudi Arabia is not counting on the oil to last forever. Building a sustainable metropolis in the nation’s northwest is one method the authorities are fostering a more sustainable economy. This city, known as “The Line,” will consist of two skyscrapers facing each other that are 150 stories tall and span 106 miles, with skywalks connecting them at various heights. The Line, which will house nine million people, will only use renewable energy sources, such as solar power. It might serve as an example for other nations looking to shelter their people from the intense heat.

5. United Arab Emirates

Situated along the Persian Gulf coast, the United Arab Emirates ranks among the richest nations globally in terms of per capita income. However, the nation’s authorities have made significant investments in alternate revenue streams including tourism, first-rate healthcare, and research and development into renewable energy sources since they recognise that their wealth from oil will not continue forever. The United Arab Emirates has even engaged in plans to buy large areas of land in Africa in order to stop the development of their forests. The carbon dioxide emitted in other regions of the world, including the UAE, is absorbed by these “carbon sinks.”

4. Qatar

Qatar, a tiny nation in the Persian Gulf, is growing more concerned about climate change. The nation established the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change in 2021. Qatar has also started investing in other renewable energy sources and constructed its first solar power plant. Because the majority of people in Qatar reside in coastal cities, the nation is susceptible to sea level rise.

3. Bahrain

The Persian Gulf island nation of Bahrain experiences hot, dry weather. At 117 °F (47.4 °C), it has hit record high temperatures. The southwest winds that blow hot, dry sand clouds over the southern part of the island in the summer and the humidity from the sea, which may reach 90% in the winter, both contribute to the extreme heat.

2. Kuwait

In the 1990s and 1991s, Kuwait was severely damaged by the first Persian Gulf War. This included catastrophic oil leaks and intentional oil well fires started by the Iraqi invaders, as well as harm to infrastructure and agriculture. Reduced rainfall, rising sea levels along Kuwait’s coast, and more frequent dust storms are all quantifiable consequences of climate change in the country.

1. Iran

Iran is seeing the highest temperature ever recorded in Asia together with decreased precipitation due to climate change. Thirty-five percent of Iranians suffer from water scarcity. The issue is getting worse due to rapid urbanisation, which is producing heat islands, deteriorating air quality, and increasing greenhouse gas emissions.