Animals

10 Mind-Blowing Facts About the Legendary Caspian Sea

One of the world’s most researched, popular, and historically remarkable oceans is the Caspian Sea. There is a wealth of marine life in this unusual area of water. The Caspian Sea’s history and current events are also topics unto themselves. The naturally fertile Caspian Sea has long been the scene of territorial disputes. How come? Natural gas and oil resources abound in the Caspian Sea, which can be quite profitable for a nation. The best caviar in the world is said to be produced by the sea.

This sea has a plethora of amazing information! Let’s investigate ten astounding facts about the fabled Caspian Sea. We’ll go over each topic in further detail and present you fascinating water facts that will captivate you.

1. Largest Inland Body of Water

The world’s largest inland body of water is the Caspian Sea. Because of its immense size—143,200 square miles—people have mistakenly referred to it as a sea. Naturally, nobody can actually agree on whether it is a lake or a sea. Its size can be attributed to the sheer number of rivers that pour into the Caspian Sea.

2. Endorheic Body of Water

One of the few endorheic bodies of water in the globe is the Caspian Sea. The majority of water bodies empties into other water bodies. Lakes typically have water that empties into a river that empties into the ocean. The water in the Caspian Sea, however, doesn’t flow anywhere. That’s all that flows into the sea: the rivers that surround it. Evaporation is the only process that removes water from the Caspian Sea.

3. Diversity Abundance

Similar to other bodies of water, the biodiversity of the Caspian Sea is abundant. Some of the Caspian Sea’s environs are densely forested, such as Iran’s Hyrcanian woodlands. The Caspian seal, Caspian turtle, and zebra mussel are just a few of the numerous marine species that can be found in the water when it comes to fauna. Additionally, there exist six types of sturgeon, which are the source of caviar. These species include the Russian, Persian, bastard, beluga, starry, and sterlet sturgeons. When it comes to land creatures, the region is home to spur-thighed tortoises, Horsfield’s tortoises, Asiatic cheetahs, and Persian leopards.

4. Fascinating History

The saltwater from the now-extinct Tethys Sea fed the Caspian Sea, which is around 30 million years old. It is thought that the Caspi Tribe, who lived in the southwest, is the reason behind the sea’s name. Humans have been in the region for around 75,000 years. Since people learned about the abundance of natural resources in the sea in the tenth century, oil wells have been present. The sea was found to be a natural resource refuge by European explorers in the 16th century. Since it links the region to both East Asia and Europe, the Caspian Sea has played a significant role in trade.

5. Territorial Disputes

There have been territorial conflicts over how to split up the Caspian Sea over the years. It was inevitable with so many natural riches concentrated in one body of water. The question of unrestricted access via rivers and the location of the Caspian Sea border has been discussed with numerous nations. The five countries came to an agreement in 2018 to put an end to the disagreement over whether the Caspian Sea is a sea or a lake. Iran views a sea as falling within international maritime law. From the perspective of the other countries, a lake would be evenly divided. But as of right now, it appears that tensions between Iran, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan are escalating.

6. Delicious But Expensive Caviar

Fish eggs are called caviar. It is fish roe from the Accipenseridae family that has been preserved in salt. Typically, caviar is consumed as a spread or garnish. The roe of wild sturgeon, which is found in the Caspian and Black Seas, is typically used to make caviar. Beluga, ossetra, and sevruga caviars are the names given to certain caviars. The beluga caviar, which is the priciest variety, is exclusively found in the Caspian Sea. Millionaire jobs are highly sought after in this highly sought-after business, particularly by the wealthy. Sadly, human ecocide is putting a lot of fish in the sea in danger of going extinct, particularly those used in the caviar trade.

7. The Sea’s Oil Reserves

Natural resources including natural gas and oil abound in the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea has had oil reserves for ages. near reality, during his exploration in western Asia, Marco Polo mentioned the existence of oil wells near Baku, Azerbaijan. The Caspian Sea yields around 1.5 million barrels per day, of which 55% come from Kazakhstan and 20% from Azerbaijan. In several of the neighboring countries, oil is so abundant that it makes up 10% of their GDP. Russia leads the globe in the production of natural gas and oil, while Iran has the second-largest oil reserves.

8. Ecological Pollution

The primary source of the Caspian Sea’s pollution is human ecocide. One of the main causes of the issue is the sea’s oil riches. The marine life and environment of the Caspian Sea have suffered greatly due to agricultural runoff. Additionally, the Caspian Sea is endorheic, meaning that the only way it loses water is through evaporation, meaning that the pollution remains in the water. About 30 to 60 feet of the sea will disappear, according to scientists. Due to the Caspian Sea’s shrinkage, some cities that depend on the sea are suffering greatly. Moreover, this issue has the potential to wipe out the region’s biodiversity.

9. Bordering Countries

Because of its size, five countries border the Caspian Sea. Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan are the nations in question. Despite not sharing a direct boundary with the Caspian Sea, there are adjacent basin countries. Georgia, Armenia, Uzbekistan, and Turkey are among them. The economies of all the nations that border the Caspian Sea are reliant on it.

10. Thriving Economy for Neighboring Countries

A significant body of water for the surrounding nations is the Caspian Sea. It also contributes billions of dollars to the economy of the five nations. It guarantees millions of people have access to food and thousands of employment. The Caspian Sea is also home to a sizable amount of tourism, as seen by the numerous beaches and resort communities that have sprung up there throughout time.

In brief

These ten astounding facts about the Caspian Sea are what you now have. The sea is special because it produces two of the wealthiest exports in the world: oil and caviar. The history of the water is rich and varied, spanning millions of years. While the Caspian Sea is seen as vital to the economics of the neighboring countries, disputes over territorial claims to the sea persist.

The crystal-clear waters in front of you will wow you if you have the opportunity to travel to any of the five nations that encircle the Caspian Sea. Just consider the sea’s majesty, the variety of its animals, and the fabled Caspian Sea’s past.