Animals

10 Mind-Blowing Facts About the Indian Ocean

Have you ever gone swimming in the Gulf of Mexico? The ocean is incredibly large, profound, and stunning. Even though there is only one ocean in the world, elementary schools have been teaching the names of four oceans for generations. The other three oceans that are frequently mentioned in science and history texts are the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic.

It’s likely that, whatever ocean you choose to explore or investigate for the day, you’ll learn some incredibly fascinating facts. The tectonic plates, marine life, and vastness of the Indian Ocean are just a few of its many unique features. It travels through Western Australia, Eastern Africa, and Southern Asia. Here are a few more things you should know about this magnificent body of water.

There Are Only Two Oceans Larger Than the Indian Ocean

Just consider the vastness of the Indian Ocean for a moment. There are just two other seas on the earth that are larger than it, despite its enormous size. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. The Atlantic Ocean comes in second. The Indian Ocean is now in third position, but that doesn’t lessen its amazing size. The area of the Pacific Ocean is 165,250,000 square kilometers, whereas that of the Atlantic Ocean is 106,460,000 square kilometers. The Indian Ocean, with a total area of 70,560,000 square kilometers, comes in third. The Indian Ocean has a vast amount of water to explore, although being smaller than the Atlantic and Pacific in terms of square kilometers.

Sea Life in the Indian Ocean is Limited

The vast expanse of the Indian Ocean may lead some people to believe that there is an abundance of marine life there, but in reality, there is very little. Some marine species find it difficult to lead happy lives in the Indian Ocean since the water there is warmer than in other oceans on Earth. Shrimp and tuna are two of the more often seen marine animals in the Indian Ocean. There are other endangered species present, including seals, whales, and turtles. Regretfully, human activities such as illicit fishing, drug trafficking, and ship piracy pose a daily threat to the survival of these marine animals.

The Indian Ocean Has an Abundance of Tectonic Plate Boundaries

Tectonic plate borders are most likely associated with trembling earthquakes. There are numerous tectonic plate borders in various locations in the Indian Ocean. It’s interesting to know the precise locations of tectonic plate borders in the Indian Ocean, even though this topic may not always come up. The intersection of the African, Indo-Australian, and Antarctic continental plates is where you can begin.

Another place is the Rodrigues Triple Point. The breakup of the supercontinent Gondwanaland is responsible for the existence of these tectonic plate borders. It disintegrated eighty million years ago. Despite all the changes it was going through millions of years ago, the Indian Ocean finally took on its current form about 36 million years ago. It now features a mountain range with numerous physical ridges that is seismically active.

The Indian Ocean Got Its Name From the Indian Penisula

Have you ever wondered where the names of the world’s oceans came from? The Indian coast is specifically responsible for the name of the Indian Ocean. In the early 1500s, adventurers attempting to circumnavigate the open oceans used the Indian coast as a reference point. The Indian Ocean was known as the Eastern Ocean until it received its formal name.

Given that a nation is the name of the Indian Ocean, political disputes have arisen over the name alone throughout history. It is the only ocean, after all, that bears the name of a real nation! Some others thought the term was unjustly associated with India, according to The Economic Times. Nevertheless, for centuries, the Indian Ocean has gone by its name.

There Are Noteworthy Waterways in the Indian Ocean

There are many waterways in the Indian Ocean that have been recognized as significant. Any body of water that can be traversed will always have waterways. This means that in addition to open waters, rivers and lakes also contain them. The Strait of Malacca, which separates Indonesia and Malaysia, is one of the more well-known waterways in the Indian Ocean. The Suez Canal in Egypt is the second that has received a lot of attention. Surprisingly, the latter was created by humans. It connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea via a body of water. An extension of the man-made waterway was opened in 2015. The Strait of Hormuz and the Bab el Mandeb are two other Indian Ocean waterways that are noteworthy.

The Indian Ocean Has Major Seaports

Throughout the water, sea ports can be found. These are the places where ships dock at the margins of rivers, lakes, and oceans to stabilize. Boaters have the option to load and unload cargo when a ship lands at a port. Travelers who book passage on these vessels can also safely board and disembark. Proper transportation of products would be almost impossible without ports locations on separate coasts.

There are numerous significant seaports in the Indian Ocean, which facilitate the efficient movement of people and goods. Singapore is home to the busiest container port in the Indian Ocean. Additionally, seaports can be found in Durban, Mombasa, Jakarta, and Aden. Finally, seaports can be found at Chennai and Mumbai.

The Sunda Trench is the Deepest Point of the Indian Ocean

There is a location in every ocean on the planet that is deeper than any other place. The Sunda Trench is the lowest location in the Indian Ocean overall. The Sunda Trench is located close to Java, Indonesia’s southernmost point. It’s also commonly referred to as Java Trench for this reason. The majority of individuals who are aware about science will understand if the deepest point in the Indian Ocean is described using any of these names. This point in the Indian Ocean has a maximum depth of 25,344 feet. It’s safe to assume that you wouldn’t find anything again if you unintentionally dropped something you owned in the Indian Ocean at this location!

There’s an Underwater Mountain Range in the Indian Ocean

It is very astounding to consider the possibility of an undersea mountain range. For those who enjoy the outdoors, seeing an underwater mountain range is probably one of life’s most amazing and surprising sights. There exists a complete mountain range in the Indian Ocean. We refer to it as the Ninety East Ridge. Its roughly parallel striking at the 90th meridian, in the eastern hemisphere’s center, gave rise to its name. The Indian Ocean’s western and eastern sections are separated by the Ninety East Ridge underwater mountain range.

Sea Creatures Use the Indian Ocean as a Migration Route

Sea life that uses the Indian Ocean as a migratory route benefits greatly from it. Sea animal migration is absolutely essential to the survival of our ecosystems. The ecosystem may be in danger if marine life is unable to travel from point A to point B in a safe manner. Sea animals migrate for a variety of reasons, including the need to locate mates, find food, and escape hazardous weather.

The humpback whale is one frequent marine animal that migrates via the Indian Ocean. To keep their bellies full throughout the summer, they travel in the direction of feeding sites on arctic ice. They swim directly back to the Indian Ocean’s warmer waters in the winter to give birth to their young calves.

Tourists Are Obsessed With the Indian Ocean Coastline

Travelers are unable to get enough of the shoreline of the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean is a lovely tourist destination as a result. Travelers have been anticipating visiting the Indian Ocean shoreline for years, and there doesn’t appear to be any slowdown in sight. The captivating views of the glistening ocean, white sand beaches, and verdant foliage may be some of the attractions. The Indian Ocean shoreline has plenty to offer those who value the beauty of nature in its purest form. Travelers often arrange holidays to popular islands like Tanzania, the Maldives, and the Seychelles.