10 Major Causes of Domestic Violence in Relationship

Anybody who has witnessed domestic abuse destroy a family can question what could possibly motivate someone to behave in such a manner. A lot of people who commit acts of domestic violence do it without notice.

Consider the famed National Football League player Ray Rice. When he got into an altercation with his fiancée one night and knocked her unconscious in an elevator, he was well-liked and a pillar of the community.

By all accounts, he has since converted back into a kind man who tries to assist others not make the same mistakes he did.

Unexpected conduct of this kind is not uncommon. However, there are some warning indicators of domestic abuse that people should be aware of.

What then are the primary reasons for domestic violence in partnerships? What might be the causes of domestic violence in a marriage that is otherwise happy? Do legitimate causes exist for domestic abuse?

Domestic violence, then, is a methodical pattern of action intended to establish superiority, domination, and constant observation in a relationship. Unless it is done in self-defense, the causes of domestic violence are unjustified. Understand the ten primary reasons of domestic violence in marriage to prevent yourself from encountering the circumstance.

How common is domestic violence?

Domestic abuse is a severe and pervasive problem that affects people everywhere, irrespective of their age, gender, social background, or cultural background.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one in three women worldwide have at some point in their lives been victims of intimate partner abuse—either physical or sexual—or non-partner sexual violence.

In addition, the WHO states that 7% of women worldwide have experienced sexual assault at the hands of a person other than their romantic partner.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States conduct the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), which offers insightful data.

Nearly 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 males in the United States have suffered serious physical abuse at the hands of an intimate partner, according to a 2015 survey.

What are the different types of domestic violence?

A widespread and gravely alarming problem that affects people in close relationships regardless of location, culture, or socioeconomic status is domestic violence. It can take many different forms, and each one has disastrous effects of its own.

Let’s discuss the five main and most prevalent forms of domestic violence.

Physical abuse

This entails the use of force that causes damage to the body. It covers any physical hostility, including punching, slapping, and hitting. These are all indicators that you are part of a domestic violence partnership.

All types of physical abuse that occur in a close relationship are indicators of domestic violence.

Abuse on an emotional or psychological level

This kind of abuse is directed on the mental and emotional wellbeing of the victim. Constant criticism, deceit, humiliation, and isolation are some of its possible manifestations, and they can have a significant and long-lasting impact on the victim’s mental health and sense of self.

Sexual abuse

Any compulsion or non-consensual sexual activity is considered sexual abuse. This can include harassment and unsolicited advances towards sexual interactions as well as assault and rape in close relationships.

Abuse of money or the economy

Controlling a partner’s access to financial resources, restricting financial independence, or taking advantage of financial dependence are examples of financial abuse. This could entail restricting financial decisions, stopping employment, or withholding money.


The goal of stalking is to instill anxiety or anguish through a pattern of persistent, invasive acts. It may show up as unsolicited correspondence, monitoring, or tracking the victim both online and off.

10 typical reasons why relationships end in domestic violence

Addressing and avoiding domestic violence episodes requires an understanding of the underlying causes. We’ll talk about ten typical causes of domestic violence in partnerships in this topic.

Let’s examine the reasons behind domestic violence in the vast majority of instances.

1. Mental health issues

Women who experience severe physical violence are more prone to experience mental health issues. Anxiety, sadness, drug and alcohol abuse, antisocial personality disorder, and schizophrenia were among the disorders.

It is unclear whether women who are mistreated also likely to be mentally unwell or vice versa. However, it seems likely that the two regrettable circumstances coexist, which contributes to one of the main causes of domestic violence.

2. Unemployment and poverty

Individuals experiencing extreme financial hardships are more prone to engage in domestic violence. The majority of women and children who are homeless have experienced domestic abuse. The inability of abuse victims in impoverished areas to leave their circumstances is a significant contributing factor to this correlation.

They might not be able to pay their own accommodation or obtain legal assistance. Abusers frequently take actions to maintain their victims’ poverty. To keep their victim dependent on them, an abuser could, for instance, ruin their chance to get a job.

3. Education

Education has a significant impact on the prevalence of reasons of family violence globally. A woman’s awareness and capacity to resist unwelcome sexual advances increase with each more year of education.

Women who have completed some secondary school are less likely to experience domestic abuse. This is feasible because educated women are more likely to believe that their abusers are on par with them, to have the resources to maintain their independence, and to stay clear of any situations that could lead to family violence.

4. Young parents

Early parenting when a person lacks the necessary skills can result in:

hostility, rage, irritation, and despair.

Given that young parents are more likely to be single, have low incomes, or have less education, this may be related to other variables. This is a major contributing component when it comes to the question of what causes domestic violence.

5. Behavior related to maintaining relationships

One of the main factors contributing to gender-based violence in contemporary culture is retention and complex behaviors.

The belief that violence may save a marriage is one of the things that leads to domestic violence in partnerships. Many married couples turn to domestic violence because they believe it’s the only way to keep their partner.

The spouse comes up with these retention tactics in response to any threat to the marriage. Even when they are wrong, these actions are intended to either overtly or covertly preserve the relationship.

Nonetheless, these kinds of actions, threats, or verbal mistreatment are part of what lead to domestic violence in partnerships. Thus, it causes a divorce or separation of the marriage.

6. Historical factors

Women’s equality and freedom are still being fought for and are topics of discussion. As a result, the mental shift will undoubtedly take time.

What then leads to domestic abuse?

In the past, men dominated society. Therefore, it is not possible to completely abolish one of the main causes of domestic violence in relationships all at once, even if the situation of patriarchy and male domination does not exist in every part of society.

So, one of the main reasons for domestic violence in relationships is a superiority complex and the innate evil of chauvinism.

7. Cultural factors

It’s not a must that two individuals from different cultures understand one another’s cultural differences when they choose to marry. Cultural differences can eventually be one of the major causes of domestic violence in relationships, even though it may appear thrilling at first.

Something that is considered acceptable in one culture may be despised in another. And one of the main reasons of family violence will result from this.

Couples may become the source of domestic violence if they do not consciously embrace cultural differences. In the end, it can raise doubts about the future.

How should the children be raised? Which cultural ideology should I adhere to? When spouses disdain each other’s decisions or are not compatible culturally, a lot of issues arise.

8. Self-protection

One evident aspect that can also be included in the list of causes of domestic violence in relationships is self-defense. Many spouses turn to violence in an attempt to stop their partner from abusing them or as a reaction to their abuse.

This implies that if one partner uses violence in any way, the other partner may do the same. However, if one person feels that their other has a strong sense of control over the relationship, the other partner may also take action to start domestic violence.

It may appear to them that this is the last option for balancing the power.

Violence, however, is only acceptable when there is no other course of action available to the partners for self-defense.

9. Alcoholism

Drug and alcohol abuse can both contribute to and be a cause of violence against both men and women. Drug misuse and binge drinking too much can both significantly increase the risk of marital abuse. This may result in one partner engaging in abusive conduct on a regular basis.

Alcoholism can cause patterns to emerge, and if it is not treated early on, it can make the spouse who is abusing the vice feel under constant pressure to uphold and manage the relationship.

10. Infidelity suspicion

The foundation of a married couple’s relationship should be faith and trust. But occasionally, when trust is questioned, it can serve as a contributing factor to marital domestic violence.

A partner may consider using violence as a remedy if they believe their spouse is not upholding the sanctity of their union and is having extramarital affairs. Suspicion of adultery has the potential to inflame a partner’s resentment and fuel opportunity-based criminality and aggression.

In the event of domestic violence, what should one do?

Your safety comes first in a relationship when domestic abuse is present. Seek assistance from loved ones, friends, or a helpline. If you need to leave fast, think about packing a bag with necessities and making a safety plan.

Never be afraid to get in touch with neighborhood shelters or groups that can offer qualified assistance to someone in a relationship involving domestic abuse. Recall that assistance is available and you are not alone. Making the courageous and crucial choice to defend oneself.


Encouraging safer communities requires acknowledging and resolving domestic abuse. These are direct responses to frequently asked concerns concerning warning indicators, consequences, assistance, resources, and avoidance.

Which indicators point to domestic violence?

Keep an eye out for controlling behavior, isolation, and abrupt behavioral changes. It is critical to get assistance and establish a safety plan if someone is feeling frightened or imprisoned.

What consequences does domestic abuse have in the long run for both victims and survivors?

PTSD, sadness, and anxiety are all possible conditions for victims. Healing is greatly aided by community services, counseling, and supportive connections.

How can I support someone who is a victim of domestic abuse?

Be a sympathetic ear, provide nonjudgmental support, and urge them to get in touch with neighborhood shelters or hotlines. Recall that your assistance counts.

What services are offered to those who have experienced domestic abuse?

Services like hotlines, shelters, and therapy offer prompt support. Organizations in communities are frequently devoted to supporting survivors on their path to safety and rehabilitation.

What steps may be taken to stop domestic abuse?

Encourage wholesome relationships by dispelling gender stereotypes, encouraging honest dialogue, and providing education. Programs that raise awareness and involve the community help to create a society free from violence.

Let’s oppose violence against women.

As we come to an end, let’s not forget that our strength comes from supporting one another.

We can actually make a difference if we recognize the warning signs, offer assistance, and make use of the services in our community.

Domestic violence is a problem that affects everyone, and we can create a world where love and respect prevail over fear and suffering by working together to understand, support, and prevent it. Together, we can create communities and households that are safer and happier.