The natural world is simply amazing. There are countless species on our planet, an abundance of flora, and probably many more that we have yet to discover. Things that have existed for thousands, perhaps millions of years, are still being discovered by humans. Our lakes are lovely, our mountains are gorgeous, and our rivers are astounding. Mount Kilimanjaro is one such magnificent mountain. It is both one of the world’s most beautiful and tallest mountains. Let’s examine some astounding facts about Kilimanjaro.
Highest Free-Standing Mountain
The world’s tallest mountain is not Mount Kilimanjaro. The Himalayan mountain range that is Mount Everest is the owner of that top spot. The majority of mountains are part of mountain ranges, which is the relevant factor. But in actuality, Mount Kilimanjaro is a free-standing mountain. It is the world’s highest free-standing mountain as a result. It is also the highest mountain on the African continent. Atop Mount Kilimanjaro, at 19,341 feet above sea level, sits Uhuru Point.
It’s a Volcano
In addition to being a mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro is also a dormant volcano. In addition, Mawenzi, Shira, and Kibo are the three volcanic cones on Mount Kilimanjaro. Mawenzi and Shira, two of the three volcanic cones, are extinct. Although now inert, Kibo may explode at some point in the future. There hasn’t been any volcanic activity in over 360,000 years.
As the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is included in the list of seven summits. The tallest mountain on each continent is one of only seven mountains that can be members of this club. The following are the other six summits:
North America: McKinley Mountain
Mount Aconcagua in South America
Mount Vinson in Antarctica
Kosciuszko Mountain in Australasia.
Europe’s Mount Elbrus and its glaciers; Asia’s Mount Everest
The mountain’s glaciers near the top are one of its most intriguing features. Their approximate age is 11,700 years. Regretfully, the glaciers are beginning to disappear as a result of climate change. Just 120 years have passed since the Kibo summit was completely covered in ice in the late 1890s.
About 30,000 people attempt to climb Mount Kilimanjaro each year, as the mountain is well-liked by mountain climbers. Approximately two thirds of climbers who give it a shot succeed. The oldest person to ascend the peak was a Frenchman named Valtee Daniel, who was 87 years old. Coaltan Tanner, a 6-year-old Canadian, became the youngest person to summit Mount Kilimanjaro.
Different Ecological Zones
Mount Kilimanjaro is distinct in that it has five distinct climate zones. As they ascend the mountain, climbers have the impression that they are passing through important natural zones. The following are the zones:
Zone of Cultivation and Bushland (between 2,600 and 5,900 feet)
Rainforest (between 5,900 and 9,200 ft)
Moorland/Heather Zone: 9,200 feet to 13,100 feet
Mountain Desert (13,000–16,000 ft)
16,404 feet to 19,341 feet in the Arctic Tundra
The History of the Mountain
For thousands of years, the Chagga tribe inhabited the mountain’s foothills. Germans Johannes Rebmann and Johann Krapf were the first Europeans to arrive at the summit of the peak in 1848 and make an attempt to ascend it. It is recognised as a geological heritage site by the International Union of Geological Sciences.
There aren’t many creatures in the area, but you can glimpse a few as you ascend. You might see animals including warthogs, zebras, leopards, bushbucks, elephants, Cape buffaloes, and mongooses. The foothill regions of the mountain are home to farms that grow maize, sunflowers, wheat, and beans.
Travel and Tourism Sector
Mount Kilimanjaro is the source of income for Tanzania, the nation that owns the mountain. Situated inside Kilimanjaro National Park, Mount Kilimanjaro is a revenue-generating entity, bringing in tens of millions of dollars annually. The Kilimanjaro International Airport was constructed by Tanzania to guarantee that accessibility was a top priority for visitors to the summit.
Climate Change Threats
Climate change is a global issue that, regrettably, affects everyone. Both the biodiversity of the region and the glaciers atop Mount Kilimanjaro are in danger. Scientists predict that by 2050, the icecaps on Mount Kilimanjaro would vanish due to the ongoing global warming.
These ten amazing facts about Mount Kilimanjaro are what you now have. People have been enthralled with the striking peak for centuries. It will still do so, but regrettably, different habitats and the mountain’s fauna are under threat from climate change. For nature to continue thriving, government and intergovernmental intervention are required.